Bridging Attempts Fail to Solve Language Problems

In spite of the millions of dollars, pounds, roubles, yen, etc., spent annually on translating documents, interpreting speech at conferences, and learning other languages, these "bridging crutches" are not even beginning to solve the world's language problems.

155  Supren ^ ^  ENHAVO 1-100  101-antauxen  Traduku  Kunigiloj  Okazajxoj  Libroj  HEJMO  Malsupren v v  157 

Languages that are automatically translated by InterTran on line, free of charge, as at January 2001, are signified here.
Brasileiro Bulgarian Ceski/Czech Hravtski/Croatian Danske Deutsch/German Español/Spanish Suomi/Finnish Français Great Britain Ελλάδα/Greek Magyar/Hungarian Íslenska/Icelandic Italiano Japanese Nederlands Norsk Polski  Português Romanian Россия/Russian Srpski/Serbian Slovenski/Slovenian Svensk/Swedish 'n Cymraeg/Welsh
                                        Ελλάδα                                                             Россия
Some of the other communities whose languages are being translated free by the above service and/or by others linked to this website, are signified by these flags:
Argentina Australia Brazil Bolivia Canada Chile China - Peking China - Nationalist, Taiwan/Formosa Colombia Ecuador England Esperanta/Esperanto Korea, North Korea, South Mexico New Zealand Peru South Africa United States of America Uruguay Venezuela

These flags signify languages, not included above, for which we have discovered free on-line dictionary services:
Filipino/Tagalog Frysk/Frisian Turkish Latin -- Vatican City
(An on-line translating dictionary will give an equivalent word or words for a word or short phrase, in contradistinction to a translation programme, which will translate sentences and whole passages.)

Computers were programmed to provide translating "dictionaries," and as computing power grew proper translation programmes were devised.

Some of these programmes may be bought on Compact Disc (CD), and some through the Internet.

Free automatic translating programmes on the Internet are still in very crude stages of development (some cruder than others), but they have started to help people of various languages to communicate.

Poverty prevents millions and millions of people from accessing knowledge locked in other languages, unless they either learn one of the world's "popular" languages, or wait for someone to translate or interpret into their own language.

For a fraction of the huge costs of interpreters, translators, and computer programmes, the adoption of a world-wide "second language" like Esperanto could solve nearly all these problems and reduce the misunderstandings, and the costs, remarkably.

If every child in every school (remembering that some countries only have schools for a small percentage of children) in the world was taught Esperanto every day, within 20 years much of the world's language problem would be disappearing.

Within about 40 years the vast majority of people would not have a serious language problem if they were dealing with people whose native language differed from their own.

Flago de Esperanta Movado, proportions probably 67:40 ~= 50x30 -jcm 02Mar2000       FRENCH Flag 50x30       GERMAN Flag, 50x30       ITALIAN Flag 50x30       PORTUGUESE Flag 50x33       SPANISH  2 
flag 364x273 ~=40x30, from http://www.carr.lib.md.us/ccps/sykesville/spain.htm, but now the link not working 27Feb & 01Mar 2000       AUSTRALIAN Flag 156 x 81
28 LINGVOJ   LANGUES   SPRACHE   LINGUAGGI   LÍNGUAS   LENGUAJES   LANGUAGES 28
Russia 
flag 45x30 from http://www.qnet.com/~moonbase/miniflag/   China flag 117x75 eqiv 78 x 50 from http://www.qnet.com/~moonbase/miniflag/   Japan flag  from http://www.qnet.com/~moonbase/miniflag/   South Korea flag, orig 45x30 pixels, from http://www.qnet.com/~moonbase/miniflag/   North  Korea flag, Mooney's MiniFlags   Norway flag, orig 72x50, from http://www.geographic.org/flags/new1/norway_flags.html
Bonvolu fari viajn retpagxojn por CXIA AJN Montrilo
AltaVista, Alis Technologies, kaj InterTran tradukos senpage.   Français: traduira gratuitement.   Deutsch: übersetzt kostenlos.   Italiano: tradurrà gratis.   Português: traduzirá livre da carga.   Español: traducirá gratuitamente.   Россия (Rossija) Russian.   Ελλάδα (Hellada)Greek.   Norsk Norwegian.   AltaVista, Alis Technologies, and InterTran will translate free of charge.

Rapide movi SUPREN al la SUPRO de io retpagxo, premu [Ctrl] + ["Home" = Hejmo],
aux, sur Navigada Strio, premu Supren ^ ^
Movi rapide MALSUPREN al la FUNDO, premu [Ctrl] + ["End" = Fino], aux premu Piedo v v aux Malsupren v v

UK and US, combined flags   AUSTRALIAN Flag   English: Translations: We suggest that you copy the words you want to translate, or the Universal Resource Locator (URL) of the webpage for which you want the first page or two translated, or up to 150 words, then click (press) http://www.tranexp.com/ or http://babelfish.altavista.com/ or http://www.alis.com/   then paste them into the central panel or window, to obtain translations of more than 24 languages. The results ought to be useful, but they will be far from perfect, and will need careful checking.

On-line Esperanto two-way Dictionaries. Click (press) http://wwwtios.cs.utwente.nl/traduk/EO-EN/Translate/ for one word at a time from Esperanto to English, or click (press) Dr Aaron Irvine's experimental automatic two-way dictionary at: http://irvdel.webjump.com/eoxx.html

Esperanta Movado, Flago  Esperanta: Tradukoj: Ni sugestas ke vi kopiu la vortoj vi volas traduki aux la Universala Rimedo Loksercxilo (URL), tiam klaketu (premu) http://babelfish.altavista.com/ aux http://www.tranexp.com/ aux http://www.alis.com/ kaj gluu ilin en la centran panelon aux fenestron, por akiri tradukoj en pli da 24 lingvoj (sed ne en Esperanta lingvo). La rezultoj devus esti utilaj, sed ili estos tre neperfektaj, kaj bezonos zorgaj kontroloj.

Auxtomata Esperanta antauxtradukilo "Elitrad" uzanta sep lingvoj, cxe http://lingvo.org/traduku por pli da neperfektaj tradukoj! Komencigxis 14-a Decembro 2001.

(Sur-sxnuro Esperanta du-vojo Vortaroj. Klaketu (premu) http://wwwtios.cs.utwente.nl/traduk/EO-EN/Translate/ por unuope vorto el esperanta al angla; aux klaketu (premu) la eksperimenta auxtomata du-vojo vortaro de D-ro Aarono Irvine cxe: http://www.cs.qub.ac.uk/%7EAD.Irvine/eoxx.html por traduki frazerojn.)

Sercxu en Esperanto! Premu http://www.google.com/webhp?hl=eo
Kiel fari vian retsituon tutmonda
How to make your website global
 Rigardu cxapitron 7 de La Socia Reto: Kiel fari vian retsituon globasa, kaj tiri avantagxon el senpaga traduko cxe AltaVista, fare de Rikardo SELTZER, Kopirajto ©1998 Rikardo SELTZER  http://www.samizdat.com/soc7.html

See Chapter 7 of The Social Web: How to make your site global, and to take advantage of free translation at AltaVista, by Richard Seltzer; Copyright ©1998 Richard Seltzer  http://www.samizdat.com/soc7.html

Travlang Dictionaries
Verda Stelo, turnanta   Travlang havas vortarojn (vortoj unuope) en la interreto en pluraj lingvoj cxe: http://dictionaries.travlang.com/   La leksikonoj enhavas Germanan, Nederlandan, Francan, Hispanan, Portugalan, Italan, Danan, Svedan, Finnan, Norvegan, Frisan, Afrikansan, Hungaran, Cxehxan, Anglan, Esperantan, kaj Latinan.  Alia traduka servo estas cxe:  http://aquarius.net/   Kontraux pago, Japana kaj kelkaj aliaj tradukoj estas provizataj de http://linkexchange.etranslate.com

Travlang has dictionaries (one word at a time) on the internet in a number of languages at: http://dictionaries.travlang.com/  The dictionaries include German = Deutsch, Dutch = Nederlands, French = Français, Spanish = Español, Portuguese = Português, Italian = Italiano, Danish = Dansk, Swedish = Svenska, Finnish = Suomi, Norwegian = Norsk, Frisian = Frysk, Afrikaans, Hungarian = Magyar, Czech = C^esky, English, Esperanto = Esperanta, and Latin = Latina. And anyone wishing to learn just a few words of more languages could go to Travlang's "Foreign Languages for Travelers" at: http://www.travlang.com/languages/  Another translation service is at: http://aquarius.net/   For a fee, Japanese and a few other translations are provided by http://linkexchange.etranslate.com

LERNU  LINGVOJN  EL  LA  INTERRETO: Por lerni multajn mondajn lingvojn el la interreton, klaketu la Roseton Sxtonon cxe http://www.trstone.com/
LEARN LANGUAGES ON THE INTERNET: To learn multiple world languages online, click the Rosetta Stone Online at http://www.trstone.com/ --DMcC 13Dec98

ESTAS  7000  LERNI

Oni diras estas pli ol 7000 lingvoj en la mondo. La lingvoj parolataj de la plej multaj estas: Hxina > 1100 milionoj, Angla > 330 milionoj, Hispana > 300 m., Hinda > 250 m., Araba 200 m., Bengala 185 m., Portugala > 160 m., Rusa 160 m., Japana < 125 m., Germana < 100 m., Pangxaba > 90 m. Java > 80 m., Korea < 70 m., Franca 65 m., Tamila 65 m., Telugua 65 m., Vjet-Nama > 60 m., Itala < 60m., Marata 60 m., Turka > 50 m., Persa (Farsia kaj Daria) < 50 m., Urdua > 45 m., Taja 45 m., Ukrajna < 45 m., Pola < 40 m., Bogxpura (Bihara) > 35 m., Gugxarata > 35 m., Birma > 30 m., Indonezia > 30 m., Kanara > 30 m., Malajalama > 30 m., Hauxsa 30  m., Orijo < 30 m., Majtila (Bihara) > 25 m. Rumana 25 m., Sunda 25 m., Fula 22 m., Joruba > 20 m., Pasxtua > 20 m., Nederlanda 20 m., Ruanda (Burunda) 20 m., Svahila 20 m., k.t.p.   Vidu: http://www.concinnity.se/bertilow/lanlin/lingvoj.htm    Ankaux vidu: http://www.sil.org/ethnologue/top100.html

("<" signifas "malpli ol", ">" signifas "pli ol")

THERE ARE 7000 TO LEARN

There are said to be more than 7000 languages in the world. The languages spoken by the greatest numbers are: Chinese >1100 million, English >330 million, Spanish (Spain and most of Latin America etc.) >300 m., Hindi (India) >250 m., Arabic 200 m., Bengali (India and Bangladesh) 185 m., Portuguese (Portugal and Brazil) >160 m., Russian 160 m., Japanese < 125 m., German < 100 m., Punjabi (India) > 90 m., Javanese (Indonesia) > 80 m., Korean < 70 m., French 65 m., Tamil (India and Sri Lanka) 65 m., Telugu (India) 65 m., Vietnamese > 60 m., Italian < 60m., Marharati (India) 60 m., Turkish > 50 m., Persian languages Farsi and Dari < 50 m., Urdu (Pakistan and India) > 45 m., Thai (Thailand etc.) 45 m., Ukrainian < 45 m., Polish < 40 m., Bojpura (Bihar, India, and Bangladesh) > 35 m., Gujarati (India) > 35 m., Burmese > 30 m., Indonesian > 30 m., Carnatican (India) > 30 m., Malayalam (India) > 30 m., Hausa (Nigeria, Niger, Chad, etc.) 30 m., Orissan (India) < 30 m., Maithili (Bihar, India, Bangladesh) > 25 m., Roumanian 25 m., Sundanese (Indonesia) 25 m., Fulfuldan (Nigeria, etc.) 22 m., Yoruban (Nigeria, etc.) > 20 m., Pashto or Pushtan (Pakistan, etc.) > 20 m., Dutch 20 m., Ruandan or Burundan (Africa) 20 m., Swahili (Tanzania, Kenya, etc.) 20 m., etc.   See: http://www.concinnity.se/bertilow/lanlin/lingvoj.htm   Also see: http://www.sil.org/ethnologue/top100.html

("<" means "less than", ">" means "more than")

RETPOSXTOJ  EN  30  LINGVOJ

ESPERANTO  inkluzivigxas! Sed Makoj ne. Sendu retposxtoj en Angla, Araba, Bjelorusa, Bulgara, Cxehxa, Dana, Esperanto, Finna, Franca, Germana, Greka, Hebrea, Hispana, Hungara, Islanda, Itala, Jida, Kroata, Latva, Nederlanda, Norvega, Pola, Portugala, Romana, Serba, Slovaka, Slovena, Sveda, Turka, kaj Ukraina lingvoj per "LingoMAIL" (ne faras kun Makoj) cxe http://www.lingomail.com/

E-MAILS  IN  30  LANGUAGES

ESPERANTO included! But Apple Macintosh not. Send e-mails in English, Arabic, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Esperanto, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Spanish, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Yiddish, Croatian, Latvian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Roumanian, Serbian, Slovakian, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, and Ukrainian languages with LingoMAIL (won't work with Macs) at http://www.lingomail.com/

"Gastlibro" mesagxo al LingoMAIL:
Fine, estas ampleksa rango da lingvoj, kaj la aceptado de la internacia lingvo, ESPERANTO, kiu povis savi, kaj en la futuro savos la mondo nekontroleblajn horojn da malsxparado de tempo, kaj plurajn miskomprenojn.  Esperanto-Ligo de Okcidenta Auxstralio, Auxstralio - Merkredo, Marto 15, 2000 at 08:04:12

"Guest book" message to LingoMAIL:
At last, a wide range of languages, and an acceptance of the international language, ESPERANTO, which could have saved, and will in future, save the world countless hours of waste time, and many misunderstandings.  Esperanto League of  Western Australia, Australia - Wednesday, March 15, 2000 at 07:31:58

From the LingoMAIL homepage:

LingoMAIL by LingoSOFT is a Multilingual E-mail program, supporting more than 30 languages in the same Email message.

The program is a fully functioning stand-alone E-mail client that does everything an ordinary E-mail program does. In addition the programme is capable of editing Multilingual E-mail messages.

The basic idea behind LingoMAIL is to create the message in a special format (MLX - Multi Lingual eXtended), and to send with the message a small viewer program (about 110Kb) as an attachment.

In addition to transferring Internet E-mail (WebMail), the program is very efficient in transferring E-mail messages internally over the office LAN (LanMail).

Unfortunately, LingoMAIL did not work with Apple Macintosh computers.

InterTran ™
short for Internet Translator, provides a FREE ON-LINE TRANSLATION SERVICE in approximately 25 languages at:
http://www.tranexp.com:2000/

Translating, free of charge, small to medium-sized webpages in: Brazilian Portuguese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Filipino (Tagalog), Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Latin American Spanish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Roumanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, and Welsh. (Total, 25 languages plus a few variants.)

This is a free service. Anyone wanting software for more extensive use, or wants to have webpages translated regularly for a fee, ought to contact the firm, Translation Experts Ltd, at: Sales@tranexp.com -- inserted 08 Jan 2001

InterTran ™
mallongajxo por Interreta Tradukilo, provizas SENPAGA SUR-SXNURA TRADUK- SERVO uzanta proximume 25 lingvoj cxe:
http://www.tranexp.com:2000/

Tradukas, senkosta, malgrandaj kaj mezaj retpagxoj in: brazil-portugala, bulgara, kroata, cxehxa, dana, nederlanda, angla, filipina (tagaloga), finlanda, franca, germana, greka, hungara, islanda, itala, japana, latin-amerika hispana, norvega, pola, portugala, rumana, rusa, serba, slovena, hispana, sveda, kaj kimra. (Sumo, 25 lingvoj plus kelke da variantoj.)

Cxi tio estas senkosta servo. Iu kiu bezonas komputilaj programoj por pli vasta uzo, aux bezonas retpagxoj tradukas regule por pago, devus kontakti la firmo, Traduk-Spertuloj Akcia, cxe: Sales@tranexp.com -- enmetis 08 Jan 2001

yourDictionary.com ™

has a large number of links to various specialist Web dictionaries, such as anagrams, Eurotalk, personal names, internet terms in various languages, etc., etc., but also AUTOMATIC TRANSLATOR links, including InterTrans. There is information about the Endangered Languages, the numbers who speak the various languages, and an offer of $450 to comple an internet dictionary in some endangered languages! The homepage is: http://www.yourdictionary.com/

On the "diction1.htm" webpage there were forms to get direct translations in Russian, Spanish, French, German, Portuguese, Italian, and English, free. -- inserted 15 Jan 2001

Alis Technologies Inc. ©
Gist-In-Time ®

can translate English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, and Chinese. The homepage is: http://www.alis.com/

The e-mail address is: info@alis.com   Here's an example of the "Gist" English to Italian: Please translate these words, free of charge. Tradurre prego queste parole, gratis. -- inserted 15 Jan 2001

MULTICITY says CHAT in 20 LANGUAGES, GET FREE TOOLS: "Chat, message and connect with anyone around the world. Without limits. The language barrier is broken! Our free tools let you chat globally with friends and clients all over the world - with instant translation in real-time! Close a business deal with your supplier in Norway. Chat about cars with a friend from Italy. Our on-the-fly language translation, 20 different languages and free chat rooms makes connecting a breeze!" http://www.multicity.com/   This news was noted in PC Magazine Australia, December 2000, p 40. See http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/

WEB LANGUAGE BREAKTHROUGH CLAIM, FEES CHARGED: Wednesday, June 21, 2000 -- Lotus Claims Web Language Breakthrough --
DUBLIN- Lotus Ireland, a subsidiary of International Business MachinesCorp., said it has developed new software that will allow people speaking different languages to communicate across the Web.
The new system, called Lotus Translation Services for Sametime (LTSS), translates Web chat and communications as typed in real time, and will go on sale in September [2000], Lotus Ireland said.
"We are delighted that Dublin was at the forefront of something which has major implications for the development of the World Wide Web," Mark Wallace, head of the development team, said in a statement.
The Sametime product would open up the Internet as a truly global, multilingual vehicle for the first time, he added.
The software employs Java technologies, and the global target market includes businesses, government agencies, service providers, or any organisation with a dispersed workforce or a need to work with remote colleagues or partners, Lotus said.
The software was developed by a team of 250 people -- half of the Dublin-based Lotus workforce. -- Reuters . See newsitem at: http://www.informationweek.com/story/IWK20000621S0001. Visit Lotus at: http://www.lotus.com/world/ireland.nsf "Fáilte - Welcome"

Also see "A global campaign webliography - LANGUAGES INDEX" at http://members.iinet.net.au/~jenks/lingo.html - Inserted 16 Jan 2001

The high-quality Esperanto site of Pejno Simono is at: http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/profcon/esperant.htm -- inserted off e-mail 16 Jan 01

LINGVOJ  LANGUES  SPRACHE  LINGUAGGI  LÍNGUAS  LENGUAJES  LANGUAGES
AAA Matilda Australia

Webpages in "X" or  "Ikso" style use "cx" (pronounced CH as in "church"), "gx" (as J sound in "gem"), "hx" (pron. KKH as the last sound in Scottish "loch"), "jx" (pron. ZH as the "z" in "azure"), "sx" (pron. SH), and "ux" (pron. W or quick OO).  Note other pronunciations: "c" = TS, "j" = Y, "aux" = OW as in "cow," "ej" "aj" "oj" rhymes with "Hey my boy!" and the five vowels are heard in "Are there three or two?"

  Fari gxeneralaj sercxoj  penu Google! aux cxe http://www.google.com/ kaj/aux MetaCrawler

Verda Stelo, turnanta "Mazi en Gondolando" 12-parta Esperanta kurso fare de Brita Dissendanta Korporacio - du televidbendoj, unu sonbendo, libro, $110 plus posxtkosto (815 gramoj)
* Acxetu Esperantan posxtkarton kun bildo de harmonio farita de Cxelina Gates!  Kvin po $4!

Verda Stelo, turnanta  "Muzzy in Gondoland" 12-part Esperanto course by the British Broadcasting Corporation - two videos, sound tape, book, $110 plus postage (815 grammes)
* Buy an Esperanto postcard with Chelinay Gates’ harmony picture! Five for $4

THANKS:
Some flags by courtesy of ITA's Flags of All Countries used with permission.
Many flags by courtesy of Mooney's MiniFlags at http://www.edwardmooney.com/miniflags/, used with permission.
JavaScript effects following the Mouse Pointer are by courtesy of Frank Milard (A LA PAGE, en français), see http://www.asaisir.com/a-la-page
Miniflag link logo,80x31, from http://www.qnet.com/~moonbase/miniflag/   Flags of All Countries link animated logo 54x36, from http://www.theodora.com/ita.html   A La Page, in French, 95x30, source of JavaScripts, DHTML, etc. - 02 Jan 01

155  Supren ^ ^  ENHAVO 1-100  101-antauxen  Traduku  Kunigiloj  Okazajxoj  Libroj  HEJMO  Malsupren v v  157 
155  Top ^ ^  CONTENTS 1-100  101-on  Translate  Links  Events  Books  HOME  Foot v v  157 
 Directories:  Main 19  Australia  Esperanto  Experiments  Freedom  Georgist  Globalism  Molestation 141  Religion  Submission 6 
Sercxu por
Checked (as part of "Translations") with Net Mechanic, at http://netmechanic.com/, and most recommendations were carried out, 18 Jan 01
Disigita el Traduko retpago de Johano MASSAM per "WordPad" je 15 Februaro 2001, lasta reviziigxis 31 Oktobro 2007

Hived off Translations webpage by John Massam with Microsoft WordPad on 15 Feb 2001, last modified 31 Oct 07
Translations: http://babelfish.altavista.com/  www.tranexp.com/  www.alis.com/  http://lingvo.org/traduku
Just World Campaign, 46 Cobine Way, Greenwood (a Perth suburb), Western Australia, 6024, Australia. Tel.: +61 ( 0 ) 8  9343 9532, Cellular Mobile: 0408 054 319
E-mail: john.massam@multiline.com.au
Dok. 156.   URL = Interreta enfakigajxo = http://www.multiline.com.au/~johnm/bridging.htm
--------------------- from Nexus Magazine --------------------