In alphabetical order from list and codes in book The Project Cool Guide to HTML, 1997, by Teresa Martin & Glenn Davis, , pp 221-22
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Background Colour Changer from Brenda Frink and Michael Anderson (eds), HTML Complete, 1999, Sybex, San Francisco, page 607.

aliceblue f0f8ff antiquewhite faebd7 aqua/cyan 00ffff aquamarine 7fffd4 azure f0ffff beige f5f5dc bisque ffe4c4
black #000000 blanchedalmond ffebcd blue 0000ff blueviolet 8a2be2 brown a52a2a burlywood deb887 cadetblue 5f9ea0
chartreuse #7fff00 chocolate d2691e coral ff7f50 cornflowerblue 6495ed cornsilk fff8dc crimson dc143c cyan/aqua 00ffff
darkblue 00008b darkcyan 008b8b darkgoldenrod b8b60b darkgray a9a9a9 darkgreen 006400 darkkhaki 006400 dark
magenta 8b008b
darkolivegreen 556b2f darkorange ff8c00 darkorchid 9932cc darkred 8b0000 darksalmon   e9967a darkseagreen 8fbc8f darkslateblue 483d8b
darkslategray 2f4f4f darkturquoise 00ced1 darkviolet 9400d3 deeppink ff1493 deepskyblue 00bfff dimgray 696969 dodgerblue 1e90ff
firebrick b22222 floralwhite fffaf0 forestgreen 228b22 fuchsia/magenta ff00ff gainsboro dcdcdc ghostwhite f8f8ff gold ffd700
goldenrod daa520 gray 808080 green 008000 greenyellow adff2f honeydew f0fff0 hotpink ff69b4 indigo 4b0082
ivory fffff0 khaki f0e68c lavender e6e6fa lavenderblush fff0f5 lawngreen 7cfc00 lemonchiffon fffacd lightblue add8e6
lightcoral f08080 lightcyan e0ffff lightgolden
rodyellow fafad2
lightgreen 90ee90 lightgray d3d3d3 lightpink ffb6c1 lightsalmon ffa07a
lightseagreen 20b2aa lightskyblue 87cefa lightslategray 778899 lightsteelblue b0c4de lightyellow ffffe0 lime 00ff00 limegreen 32cd32
linen faf0e6 magenta/fuchsia ff00ff maroon 800000
(looks brown)
aquamarine 66cdaa
mediumblue 0000cd medium
orchid ba55d3
mediumpurple 9370db
seagreen 3cb371
slateblue 7b68ae
springgreen 00fa9a
turquoise 48d1cc
violetred c71585
midnightblue 191970 mintcream f5fffa
mistyrose ffe4e1 moccasin ffe4b5 navajowhite ffdead navy 000080 oldlace fdf5e6 olive 808000 olivedrab 6b8e23
orange ffa500 orangered ff4500 orchid da70d6 pale
goldenrod eee8aa
palegreen 98fb98 pale
turquoise afeeee
violetred db7093
papayawhip ffefd5 peachpuff ffdab9 peru cd853f pink ffc0cd plum dda0dd powderblue b0e0e6 purple 800080
red ff0000 rosybrown bc8f8f royalblue 4169e1 saddlebrown 8b4513 salmon fa8072 sandybrown f4a460 seagreen 2e8b57
seashell fff5ee sienna a0522d silver c0c0c0 skyblue 87ceed slateblue 6a5acd slategray 708090 snow fffafa
springgreen 00ff7f steelblue 4682b4 tan d2b48c teal 008080 thistle d8bfd8 tomato ff6437 turquoise 40e0d0
violet ee82ee wheat f5deb3 white ffffff whitesmoke f5f5f5 yellow ffff00 yellowgreen a9cd32 cornflower (unknown)

ONE-WORD NAMES: If you insist on using the Names instead of the Hexadecimal Code, please note that each name is ONE WORD, even if displayed above as two words. It is strongly urged that you use the Hexadecimal Codes and put them all in lower-case (i.e., not using Capital letters).


These are LIGHT COLOURS that, used as Background Colours (BGCOLOR) in Tables, are light enough so as not to interfere with ordinary Size 3 (12 point) unbolded Times New Roman when printing out from some NETSCAPE Browsers, depending on what Printer is used. (NAMES without precursor word are Official "Named Colours".)

WHITE APPEARANCE (as printed in B & W off Netscape on many Printers):
ivory fffff0 (Siegel) light yellow fffff2 white ffffff blank blank blank blank
BLUE: Nil ; FAWN: (see Yellow) ; GREEN: Nil ; GREY (gray): Nil ; MAUVE: Nil ; PINK: Nil ; YELLOW: ivory fffff0 , (Siegel) light yellow fffff2 ; WHITE: white ffffff

VERY PALE DOT BACKGROUND, or White off Netscape (in B & W) on some Printers:
azure f0ffff
floralwhite fffaf0 snow fffafa honeydew f0fff0 (Siegel) minty green #eefffa mintcream f5fffa ghostwhite f8f8ff
(Siegel) pink fff5ff (Safe) yellow ffffcc lightyellow ffffe0 blank blank blank blank
BLUE: azure f0ffff ; FAWN: floralwhite fffaf0, snow fffafa ; GREEN: honeydew f0fff0, (Siegel) minty green eefffa , mintcream f5fffa ; GREY (gray): Nil ; MAUVE: ghostwhite f8f8ff (and see Siegel pink) ; PINK: (Siegel) pink fff5ff ; YELLOW: "Safe Colour" yellow ffffcc , lightyellow ffffe0

REASONABLE BACKGROUND DOT APPEARANCE (in B & W) off Netscape on many Printers:
aliceblue f0f8ff
lightcyan e0ffff antiquewhite faebd7 beige f5f5dc blanchedalmond ffebcd cornsilk fff8dc linen faf0e6
oldlace fdf5e6 seashell fff5ee (Siegel) grey (gray) eeeeee whitesmoke f5f5f5 lavenderblush fff0f5 lemonchiffon fffacd lightgoldenrod yellow fafad2
BLUE: aliceblue #f0f8ff, lightcyan e0ffff ; FAWN: antiquewhite faebd7, beige f5f5dc, blanchedalmond ffebcd, cornsilk fff8dc, linen faf0e6, oldlace fdf5e6, seashell fff5ee ; GREEN: Nil ; GREY (gray): (Siegel) grey eeeeee, whitesmoke f5f5f5 ; MAUVE: lavenderblush fff0f5 ; PINK: Nil ; YELLOW: lemonchiffon fffacd, lightgoldenrodyellow fafad2

OTHER TINTS (Names NOT Official), from David Siegel's website around 9 Oct 1997, created on this webpage 2003. These have been included in the above colour "patches" of Recommended Background Colours for Tables.
(Siegel) minty green #eefffa (Siegel) grey (gray) eeeeee (Siegel) pink fff5ff (Siegel) light yellow fffff2 blank blank blank

   Internet Explorer, as usually set up, does not print the Background Colours of either the Webpage nor inside Tables. This has occasional disadvantages. But Netscape does print Table backgrounds, and in Black and White attempts to show this by dotted representations. Out of deference to Netscape users, I recommend using colours as above, or similar colours from the Safe Colours, for the Background Colours in Tables. Neither I.E. nor N.N., as usually set up, when printing in B & W, try to print dotted representations of the BGCOLOR from the BODY Tag.

Background colour changer
By courtesy of -- Be CAREFUL with your mouse cursor!

   Tables devised from list and codes in the book The Project Cool Guide to HTML, 1997, by Teresa Martin & Glenn Davis, John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp 221-22. Martin and Davis are the co-founders of the Project Cool™ website at
   Aqua and Cyan are both coded the same in the book (Reason: two Browser firms gave the code different names!)   AND Fuchsia is the same as Magenta, for the same reason!
   (Theoretically, Silver #c0c0c0 (i.e., Grey/Gray) was the background colour of any Webpage unless a Background Colour was coded - 31 Aug 1999.   But in reality by late 1999 the later versions of N.N. and I.E. supply the background colour as White #ffffff if none is specified. - 26 June 00)
   Please use the Hexadecimal codes (#f00f8f and so on, not forgetting the hash "#" symbol) for the colours, not the Names, because on some older Browsers the names will NOT cause any colour at all to show, but most old Browsers will make some attempt to show a colour if you use the codes. - jcm 16 Jul 00

   A little history: Once computers' screens graduated past just showing text on a background, one firm after another adopted 16 Basic Colours. According to Brenda Frink and Michael Anderson (eds), HTML Complete, 1999, Sybex , San Francisco, pages 967-8, the Basic Colours (Colors) are:
aqua/cyan #00ffff; aqua/cyan #00ffff; black #000000; blue #0000ff; fuchsia/magenta #ff00ff; gray (grey) #808080; green #008000; lime #00ff00; lime #00ff00; maroon #800000; navy #000080; olive #808000; purple #800080; red #ff0000; silver #c0c0c0; teal #008080; white #ffffff; white #ffffff; yellow #ffff00; yellow #ffff00;
   Progress has meant that in a few years millions of colours could be reproduced on computers and browsers.
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Also see "Netscape Colour Table -- Using Colour Names & Codes", at: and "Colour Names" for I. E. 3.0 and N. N. 3 at
Also visit VisiBone at and The HTML Colour Code at
Using the Named Colours, to test if your text in a certain colour will be legible on another colour, try either of my website's Background Colour Changers, or if willing to wait see the Project Cool™ webpage "HTML Basics: Choosing A Color" at   Use a browser that is Javascript enabled.
See the SAFE COLOUR SAMPLES in excol2.htm -- With the Browsers from versions 4 onwards, nearly all colours are "safe." SAFE COLOUR SAMPLES from October 21, 2005, included the colour information of this Webpage, THE NAMED COLOURS, to speed up colour selection.
First colour experiments done ~? 13 July 1999 as "excolour.htm", renamed from "Colour Experiments", reorganised as "THE NAMED COLOURS", and inserted this into the document numeration series as 154 on 01 Jan 2001, separated this from the experiments as "excolournames.htm" Doc. 188 on 17 July 2001, ADDED a copy of this material to SAFE COLOUR SAMPLES (but retained this Webpage in case it is in people's Links) on 21 Oct 05, spellchecked on 11 Jun 05, last modified