Its Romanesque chapels and Babylonian temples house past generations of the Genoan nobility and Italian heroes, but 1,500 mourners turned out yesterday in honour of quite a different sort of hero.
Squinting under a hot sun, they filed into a mortuary chapel to caress and kiss the teak coffin containing the first fatality of the anti-globalisation movement.
It was draped in the black and red flag of Carlo's football team, Roma, and on it were placed tokens of friendship: roses wrapped in a black T-shirt, cigarettes, matches, beads, lire notes.
Two teenagers inside the chapel offered sips of beer to the queues of backpackers, housewives, punks, students and pensioners.
Tribute was paid to Carlo's generosity, passion, idealism and impatience for justice. No one mentioned politics, globalisation or the police officer who shot him in the forehead during a riot last Friday.
"In his short life Carlo has given us many things. Let's try, in Carlo's name, to be united, to refuse violence," said his father, Giuliano, one of the few mourners wearing a suit.
"You, who are young, you want a better world tomorrow morning. We, who are old, and maybe tired, have learned patience and prudence. But we will go forward together, through Carlo."
Apparently addressing his remarks to the media, he added: "These young people, with torn trousers, pierced faces and broken shoes, you should not judge them. They have full hearts, heads that think."
His son died trying to throw a fire extinguisher at police officers trapped in a Land Rover. The 20-year-old conscript who shot him, Mario Placanica, has returned home to Sicily but may face charges of manslaughter.
Mr Giuliani called the killing a homicide but said the conscript deserved pity and was also a victim.
Friends said Carlo was no anarchist. He was a sensitive idealist who preferred the margins of society: squatting, unemployment, living hand-to-mouth. He was pained and angry, said a cousin.
Several mourners wore T-shirts printed with the registration number of the trapped Land Rover, CC AE 217. Others raised clenched fists.
"For me Carlo is not a martyr, he is just another guy like me. The cops could have shot me," said Kuno Zahlreich, 30, from Switzerland.
Tears welled when a guitarist faltered during the song which replaced a religious ceremony. "I'm trembling, I can't," he said. The crowd clapped in encouragement and his sniffles turned to lyrics.
Shouts broke out: "Ciao Carlo, ciao!" A young man grabbed the microphone to denounce the government but was hushed."Enough, no politics today."
The Staglieno cemetery contains Oscar Wilde's wife, Constance, British soldiers killed in the second world war and Giuseppe Mazzini, the idealist revolutionary of Italian unification. But the rioter who took a bullet in the head will not rest among them. He will be cremated today and the ashes given to the family.
Guardian Unlimited © Guardian Newspapers Limited 2001
The Guardian, Manchester, England, http://www.guardian.co.uk/globalisation/story/0,7369,527595,00.html
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16 THE WEST AUSTRALIAN WEDNESDAY JULY 25 2001
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
When reason doesn’t work
IT WAS disappointing to read your editorial (Genoa havoc a blot on dissent, 23/7). I decry the methods of some of the protesters as much as the editor does. Surely we all abhor rampant thuggery in the name of "a cause"?
However, we should also understand that the reason for these extremes is that years of trying to be heard through the voice of reason has not made a blind bit of difference. The capitalist leaders simply plough ahead undeterrred from their selfish motives, turning a deaf ear to more peaceful, traditional means of protest. No wonder the protesters, whose quality of life diminishes daily through the inacation of world leaders, turn to methods that make a splash in the headlines.
Tony Blair was caught on TV saying "it would be good to have dialogue with these people". Yes, it would. "These people" have been trying to have dialogue with their leaders for the past 10 years without success. Their concerns are brushed asise with a governmental "let them eat cake" attitude that makes Marie-Antoinette look like Mother Teresa.
The protesters' message is simple: put people before profit. By "people" we mean the mass of humanity, not an elite club of the already wealthy and ever greedy.
The G8 and CHOGM leaders could spare themselves the need to barricade themselves inside fortresses if they would just listen and act according to the majority will. It is called democracy. Louis XVI remembers all about it from the previous revolution.
A. DAVID, Como
YOU are correct to condemn the vandalism which marred an overwhelmingly peaceful protest against economic globalism by 150,000 people in Genoa (editorial, 23/7).
Even more damnable was the violence orchestrated by a minority of the paramilitary security forces, especially the brutal raid on a protest HQ and the fatal point-blank shooting of an aggressive young activisit whose body was then twice run over by a jeep and kicked for good measure.
Unfortunately, these meetings of world leaders tend to address the economic interests of influential major corporations rather than the valid democratic concerns of the majority of the world's populations. That alone is what makes the new class of monster demonstrations both necessary and possible.
If proof is required, there is no need to go past Australia's hand in destroying the Kyoto resolutions on climate change without any regard to science-based warnings and the view of non-business advisers.
BRIAN JENKINS, Safety Bay
[Brian Jenkins is the secretary of the Stop-MAI Coalition (WA)]
A sensible idea
YOUR report (23/7) of the G8 negotiations in Genoa refers to a sensible decision to include, in future discussions, representatives of workers. It would be even more sensible if they included representatives of the unemployed.
DAVID PRITCHARD, Geraldton
IT SEEMS strange that striking prison officers can be ordered back to work on condition their employer, the Ministry of Justice, fills all of its rostered jobs with staff.
M. GRAVILLE, Kallaroo
THE WEST AUSTRALIAN WEDNESDAY JULY 26 2001 27
G8 death sparks protest
THOUSANDS of anti-globalisation protesters opposed to the Italian Government's handling of the riots during a Group of Eight summit in Genoa this week marched in Rome yesterday [July 25]. The march came on the eve of the funeral of demonstrator Carlo Giuliani, 23, who was shot dead by a police officer. Interior Minister Claudio Scajola told MPs the officer charged with murder [?] had fired two shots without aiming.
26 July 2001
The West Australian,
Murder does not deter WTO apologists
To support the demands of Big Business and Big Government to unchallenged power, a policeman in Genoa killed Carlo Giuliani, yet the martyrdom didn't make a dent in the pre-planned speech of Federal Treasurer Costello.
The letters of A.David, Brian Jenkins and David Pritchard about the protests at G8 (letters, 25/7) were near a letter from M.Graville, mentioning the situation of hospitals without enough nurses, and prisons where the owners don't fill every vacancy on every shift.
Mr Costello, who wants to reduce the taxation of people getting unearned windfall profits, and to increase the prices of everything through indirect taxes, has no interest in the fact that insufficiently taxing the super-rich means that doctors, nurses and warders are expected to work outrageous hours, as are hard-rock miners to enrich overseas owners.
And, Mr Costello is not the only politician who believes that people ought to work until they are 70, instead of using modern technology to increase and spread the incomes of the workers and others, and thus reduce the years needed for earning.
He and other politicians have paid no heed to scientists' warning of the danger posed by the World Trade Organisation's doctrines that free trade is more important than excluding dangerous and poisonous weeds (report, 29/5).
Because of this selective deafness, at conferences like Seattle and G8 in Genoa, thousands are marching, and a small minority are vandalising, but it is not beyond belief that some of the vandals are agents put in by the police or others.
More information to hand shows that Carlo Giuliani was with a group whose "weapons" included a wooden plank and a metal bar. Although "trendy" groups say the police were driving around in vehicles aggravating people preparing to protest, and that Giuliani was murdered, a more balanced view would be to ask why would peaceful protesters have such things in their hands. -- inserted 02 Sep 01.
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