The Hadith Key


(Most Mohammedans believe Hadiths are traditions giving guidance, some more genuine than others.)
Sahih Bukhari;  Sahih Muslim;  Sunan Abu-Dawud;  Malik’s Muwatta;  Al-Tirmidhi
ETHICAL SYSTEM
   Sahih Bukhari's collection, Volume 7, Book 67, Number 427: [[***]] By Allah, and Allah willing, if I [[Muhammad]] take an oath and later find something else better than that, then I do what is better and expiate my oath.
  [[ The scriptural warrant for this is in the Koran 66:2   <http://­www.­multimedia­quran.com/­quran/0­66/066-002.htm>.  This quote by courtesy of "Taqiyya, holy deception, Qur’an 5:32" at <http://­sheikyermami.­com/taqiyya-holy-deception-quran-532/> - sighted 21 Aug 2010.  (B.T.W., to con­trast Koran 5:32 with other scriptural doctrines, click K005.032.) ]]
   Bukhari's, 6, 60:139:- holy wars the Prophet thenceforth allowed us to marry a woman (temporarily) by giving her even a garment, [[ See footnote "temporary marriage".]]
   9, 86:98: Some people said, "If a virgin is not asked for her consent and she is not married, and then a man, by playing a trick presents two false witnesses that he has married her with her consent and the judge confirms his marriage as a true one, and the husband knows that the witnesses were false ones, then there is no harm for him to consummate his marriage with her and the marriage is regarded as valid."  [[ See footnote "rape marri­age"]]
JIHAD (Holy War), and, JIHAD not MIGRATION.
   Sahih Bukhari's, Volume 4, Book 53, Number 352: Narrated Abu Huraira:  Allah's Apostle said, "Allah guarantees him who strives in His Cause and whose motivation for going out is nothing but Jihad in His Cause and belief in His Word, that He will admit him into Paradise (if martyred) or bring him back to his dwelling place, whence he has come out, with what he gains of reward and booty."
   Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 53, Number 353:  Narrated Abu Huraira:  The Prophet said, "A prophet amongst the pro­phets carried out a holy military expedition, "

   Sahih Bukhari's, 5, 59:600:- Narrated Mujahid:  I said to Ibn 'Umar, "I want to migrate to Sham."  He said, "There is no migration, but Jihad (for Allah's Cause).  Go and offer yourself for Jihad, and if you find an opportunity for Jihad (stay there) otherwise, come back."  (In another narration) Ibn 'Umar said, "There is no migration today or after Allah's Apostle."  (and completed his statement as above.) [[ Sail on the sea only for fighting in Allah's path, see Abu-Dawud's 14:2483.  Also see footnote]]
   Bukhari, 6, 60:139:-  We used to participate in the holy wars carried on by the Prophet

   Sunan Abu-Dawud's, Book 14, Number 2483:- Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:  The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: No one should sail on the sea except the one who is going to perform hajj or 'umrah, or the one who is fighting in Allah's path [[ Re fighting, jihad: See footnote.  Also see Sahih Bukhari's, 5, 59:600 which states there is no migration, but Jihad.]]
CHILD CONNECTION
   Sahih Bukhari's Vol. 5, Bk. 58, No. 236: Narrated Hisham's father:  Khadija died three years before the Prophet departed to Medina.  He stayed there for two years or so and then he married ‘Āisha when she was a girl of six years of age, and he consummated that marriage when she was nine years old. [[ See Koran scripture 65:4 re "wives" who have not yet menstruated at <http://­www.­multimediaquran.com/­quran/0­65/065-004.htm>.  Also look back to 5, 58: 234]]  [[ See "Child marriage" footnote]]
   Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 3090: Narrated by Abu Hurayrah:  Allah's Messenger (saws) said, 'When someone with whose religion and character you are satisfied asks your daughter in marriage, accede to his request.  If you do not do so, there will be temptation on earth and extensive corruption.' [[ Ponder on obedience, Koran 4:34]]
WOMEN, general matters.
   Sahih Bukhari's Volume 1, Book 6 Number 301: [] The women asked, "O Allah's Apostle! What is deficient in our intelligence and religion?"  He said, "Is not the evidence of two women equal to the witness of one man?"  They replied in the affirmative.  He said, "This is the deficiency in her intelligence.  Isn't it true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses?"  The women replied in the affirmative.  He said, "This is the deficiency in her religion."
   [[ 1.  Two women's evidence equal to one man's; a similar thought is in the Koran scripture 2:282 <http://­www.­multimedia­quran.com/­quran/0­02/002-282.htm>.   2.  Women having the monthly periods (menstruation), to be secluded, that is, cut off from normal activities.  Similar to a much older purity code in a religion.]]  [[ See footnote]]

   Bukhari's 3, 34:283:- Narrated Qatada:  Anas went to the Prophet with barley bread having some dissolved fat on it.  The Prophet had mortgaged his armour to a Jew in Medina and took from him some barley for his family.  Anas heard him saying, "The household of Muhammad did not possess even a single Sa of wheat or food grains for the evening meal, although he has nine wives to look after." (See Hadith No. 685)

   Bukhari's 6, 60:10:- I also said, 'O Allah's Apostle!  Good and bad persons visit you!  Would that you ordered the Mothers of the believers to cover themselves with veils.'  So the Divine Verses of Al-Hijab (i.e. veiling of the women) were revealed.  I came to know that the Prophet had blamed some of his wives so I entered upon them and said, 'You should either stop (troubling the Prophet) or else Allah will give His Apostle better wives than you.'  When I came to one of his wives, she said to me, 'O 'Umar! Does Allah's Apostle haven't what he could advise his wives with, that you try to advise them?' "  Thereupon Allah revealed:-- "It may be, if he divorced you (all) his Lord will give him instead of you, wives better than you, - Muslims (who submit to Allah) " (Koran 66:5)[[ Veiling scriptures: Koran 24:31 (throw veils over their bosoms), 33:55 (draw outer garments close), and 33:59 (have outer garments over them when outdoors).]]
   Bukhari's 8, 74:257:- Narrated ‘Aisha:  (the wife of the Prophet) 'Umar bin Al-Khattab used to say to Allah's Apostle "Let your wives be veiled".  But he did not do so.  The wives of the Prophet used to go out to answer the call of nature at night only at Al-Manasi.'  Once Sauda, the daughter of Zam'a went out and she was a tall woman.  'Umar bin Al-Khattab saw her while he was in a gathering, and said, "I have recognized you, O Sauda!"  He ('Umar) said so as he was anxious for some Divine orders regarding the veil (the veiling of women).  So Allah revealed the Verse of veiling. (Al-Hijab; a complete body cover excluding the eyes). (See No. 148, Vol. 1) [[ The words "Al-Hijab; a complete body cover excluding the eyes" looks like a later-added addition, because they are not in the veiling verse (or verses) in the Koran.]]
   Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Number 1926:-  Jabir b. 'Abdullah reported: I observed prayer with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) on the 'Id day.  He commenced with prayer before the sermon without Adhan and Iqama.  He then stood up leaning on Bilal, and he commanded (them) to be on guard (against evil for the sake of) Allah, and he exhorted (them) on obedience to Him, and he preached to the people and admonished them.  He then walked on till he came to the women and preached to them and admonished them, and asked them to give alms, for most of them are the fuel for Hell.  A woman having a dark spot on the cheek stood up and said:  Why is it so, Messenger of Allah?  He said: For you grumble often and show ingratitude to your spouse.  And then they began to give alms out of their ornaments such as their earrings and rings which they threw on to the cloth of Bilal.
   Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Number 1932:-  Umm 'Atiyya said: He (the Apostle of Allah) commanded us that we should take out unmarried women and purdah-observing ladies for 'Id prayers, and he commanded the menstruating women to remain away from the place of worship of the Muslims.
   Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Number 1982:-  Ibn 'Abbas reported: There was an eclipse of the sun during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him).  []  They (his Companions) said: Messenger of Allah, we saw you reach out to something, while you were standing here, then we saw you restrain yourself.  He said: I saw Paradise and reached out to a bunch of its grapes; and had I taken it you would have eaten of it as long as the world endured.  I saw Hell also.  No such (abominable) sight have I ever seen as that which I saw today; and I observed that most of its inhabitants were women.  They said: Messenger of Allah, on what account is it so? He said: for their ingratitude to their husbands and ingratitude to kindness.  If you were to treat one of them kindly for ever, but if she later saw anything (displeasing) in you, she would say: I have never seen any good in you.
   Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Number 2127:- Muhammad b. Qais said (to the people): Should I not narrate to you (a hadith of the Holy Prophet) on my authority and on the authority of my mother?  We thought that he meant the mother who had given him birth.  He (Muhammad b. Qais) then reported that it was 'A'isha who had narrated this:  Should I not narrate to you about myself and about the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him)?  We said: Yes.  She said: When it was my turn for Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) to spend the night with me, he turned his side, put on his mantle and took off his shoes and placed them near his feet, and spread the corner of his shawl on his bed and then lay down till he thought that I had gone to sleep.  He took hold of his mantle slowly and put on the shoes slowly, and opened the door and went out and then closed it lightly.  I covered my head, put on my veil and tightened my waist wrapper, and then went out following his steps till he reached Baqi'.  He stood there and he stood for a long time.  He then lifted his hands three times, and then returned and I also returned.  He hastened his steps and I also hastened my steps.  He ran and I too ran.  He came (to the house) and I also came (to the house).  I, however, preceded him and I entered (the house), and as I lay down in the bed, he (the Holy Prophet) entered the (house), and said:  Why is it, O 'A'isha, that you are out of breath?  I said: There is nothing.  He said: Tell me or the Subtle and the Aware would inform me.  I said: Messenger of Allah, may my father and mother be ransom for you, and then I told him (the whole story).  He said: Was it the darkness (of your shadow) that I saw in front of me?  I said: Yes.  He struck me on the chest which caused me pain, and then said:  Did you think that Allah and His Apostle would deal unjustly with you?  She said: Whatsoever the people conceal, Allah will know it.  He said: Gabriel came to me when you saw me.  He called me and he concealed it from you.  I responded to his call, but I too concealed it from you (for he did not come to you), as you were not fully dressed.  I thought that you had gone to sleep, and I did not like to awaken you, fearing that you may be frightened.  He (Gabriel) said: Your Lord has commanded you to go to the inhabitants of Baqi' (to those lying in the graves) and beg pardon for them.  I said: Messenger of Allah, how should I pray for them (How should I beg forgiveness for them) ?  He said: Say, Peace be upon the inhabitants of this city (graveyard) from among the Believers and the Muslims, and may Allah have mercy on those who have gone ahead of us, and those who come later on, and we shall, God willing, join you.  < http://www.iium.edu.my/deed/hadith/muslim/004c_smt.html#004_2127>
   [[ The words "She said: Whatsoever the people conceal " above ought to have been "I said: Whatsoever the people conceal "]]
   Malik's Muwatta, Book 55, Number 55.1.2:- Malik related to me from Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir that Umayma bint Ruqayqa said, "I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with the women who took an oath of allegiance with him in Islam. Umayma continued, "They said, 'Allah and His Messenger are more merciful to us than ourselves.  Come, let us give our hands to you, Messenger of Allah!'  The Messenger of Allah said, 'I do not shake hands with women.  My word to a hundred women is like my word to one woman.' "

INHERITANCE
   Bukhari's Volume 5, Book 58, Number 273:- Narrated Sad bin Malik:  In the year of Hajjat-ul-Wada' the Prophet visited me when I fell ill and was about to die because of that illness.  I said, "O Allah's Apostle!  I am very ill as you see, and I am a rich man and have no heir except my only daughter.  Shall I give 2/3 of my property in charity?"  He said, "No."  I said, "Shall I then give one half of it in charity?"  He said, "O Sad! Give 1/3 (in charity) and even 1/3 is too much.  No doubt, it is better to leave your children rich than to leave them poor, reduced to begging from others.  And Allah will reward you for whatever you spend with the intention of gaining Allah's Pleasure even if it were a mouthful of food you put into your wives mouth."
   Bukhari's, Volume 8, Book 80, Number 718:- Narrated 'Aisha:  Fatima and Al 'Abbas came to Abu Bakr, seeking their share from the property of Allah's Apostle and at that time, they were asking for their land at Fadak and their share from Khaibar.  Abu Bakr said to them, "I have heard from Allah's Apostle saying, 'Our property cannot be inherited, and whatever we leave is to be spent in charity, but the family of Muhammad may take their provisions from this property."  Abu Bakr added, "By Allah, I will not leave the procedure I saw Allah's Apostle following during his lifetime concerning this property."  Therefore Fatima left Abu Bakr and did not speak to him till she died. [[ See footnote]]
   Bukhari's Vol. 8, Bk 80, No. 731  Narrated Ibn 'Abb