Objectionable, questionable parts of Hebrew-Aramaic Scripture

DIFFICULT, QUESTIONABLE, AND OBJECTIONABLE TEXTS IN BIBLE’S . .
Old Testament

• Genesis 19:30-38  [Daughters deliberately become pregnant to their father, Lot.]


   19:30  Now Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in a cave with his two daughters. 33 So they made their father drink wine that night; and the first-born went in, and lay with her father; 35 and the younger arose, and lay with him;   37 the first-born bore a son Moab   38 the younger also bore a son Ben-ammi   – (Revised Standard Version (RSV), Reformers' translation, O.T. © 1952).

• Genesis 22:1-2, 10-11  [God orders killing, but the LORD'S angel forbids.]

    1 
   22:1. After these things God tested Abraham, and said to him, "Abraham!"  And he said, "Here am I."   2 He said, "Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering upon one of the mountains of which I shall tell you."  []   10 Then Abraham took the knife to slay his son.  11 But the angel of the LORD called to him.  (RSV) 1
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• Exodus 15:3  [The LORD is a man of war.]


   15:3 The LORD is a man of war; the LORD is his name. – (RSV). [[Also see Psalm 24:8 & 10]]

• Exodus 20:17  [10th Commandment protects neighbour's slaves.]

  2 
   20:17  Never desire to take your neighbour's house, nor his wife, his male slave or female slave, his ox, his donkey, or anything else that belongs to him.  (Also see Deuteronomy 5:21.) – Adapted from God's Word ® translation, (mission group's translation) GWT, © Copyright 1995 by God's Word to the Nations, Orange Park, Florida, USA.  2 

• Exodus 20:26  [Modesty prevents going up steps to altar.]


   20:26  Thou shalt not go up by steps unto my altar, lest thy nakedness be discovered. – (Douay, Roman Catholic (RC), Old Testament translation 1609.)

• Exodus 21:2-6  [Hebrews buying Hebrew slaves, and 7-year rules.]


   21:2  When you buy a Hebrew slave, his service will last for six years.  In the seventh year he will leave a free man without paying compensation.  3 If he came in single, he will depart single; if he came married, his wife will depart with him.  4 If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children will belong to her master and he will depart alone.  5 But if the slave says, 'I love my master and my wife and children; I do not wish to be freed,'  6 then his master will bring him before God and then, leading him to the door or doorpost, his master will pierce his ear with an awl, and the slave will be permanently his. – (New Jerusalem Bible (NJB), Roman Catholic translation, 1990).

• Exodus 21:7-11  [Rules about selling daughter into slavery.]


   21:7  When a man sells his daughter as a slave, she shall not go out as the male slaves do.  8 If she does not please her master, who has designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed; he shall have no right to sell her to a foreign people, since he has dealt faithlessly with her.  9 If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her as with a daughter.  10 If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, or her marital rights.  11 And if he does not do these three things for her, she shall go out for nothing, without payment of money. – (RSV).

• Exodus 21:15 and 17  [Execute anyone who hits or curses his father or mother.]


   21:15  He that striketh his father or his mother shall be put to death.
   21:17  He that curseth his father, or mother, shall die the death. – (Douay, R.C., O.T. 1609).

• Exodus 21:20-21  [Slave-killing rules; slave is his money.]


   21:20  When a man strikes his slave, male or female, with a rod and the slave dies under his hand, he shall be punished.  21 But if the slave survives a day or two, he is not to be punished for the slave is his money.
– (RSV).

• Exodus 22:18, and Deuteronomy 18:10-11  [Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.]


   Exodus 22: 18   Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live. – (Authorised Version (AV), i.e., King James' Bible, Reformers' translation, AD 1611).
   Deuteronomy 18: 10  There shall not be found among you any one who practises divination, a soothsayer, or an augur, or a sorcerer, 11  or a charmer, or a medium, or a wizard, or a necromancer. – (RSV).

• Leviticus 15:19-20   [Woman with an issue and all she touches are unclean.]

 
   15:19  And if a woman have an issue, and her issue in her flesh be blood, she shall be put apart seven days : and whosoever toucheth her shall be unclean until evening. 
   20  And every thing that she lieth upon in her separation shall be unclean : every thing also that she sitteth upon shall be unclean. – (AV)

• Leviticus 23: 27 & 30   [God will destroy anyone working on Day of Atonement.]


   27   Upon the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the day of atonement.
   30   And every soul that shall do any work, the same will I destroy from among his people. – (Douay, R.C.)

• Leviticus 24: 16   [Stone to death blasphemer.]


   16   And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD all the congregation shall certainly stone him to death. – (AV, Reformers, 1611)

• Leviticus 25: 6-7   [Slaves just casually included in narrative.]


   25: 6 the land will provide food for you, your slaves, your hired men, foreigners living with you, 7 your domestic animals, and the wild animals in your fields. Good News Bible (GNB) 1966 and 1971, also known as The Bible in Today's English Version (TEV)
   [[Those who believe in the English Reformers' Authorised Version (AV) or King James' Bible of 1611 will find instead of "your slaves" words "thy servant thy maid,"  FOLLOWED BY "thy hired servant."
   And those who follow the R.C. Douay of 1609 will find words "thy manservant thy maidservant."  BUT you will find those expressions followed by "thy hireling."
   Readers, can you realise there seems to be two classes of servants in these clever old translations ?  The difference is exposed because the euphemisms were followed by listing of "hired servant" or "hireling."  Yes, the latter workers were hired, that is, they were paid wages.  Others were not, that is, they were unpaid workers, slaves.  Several newer translations show them as slaves.  Hebrew words for male and female slaves were falsely translated into English.  The Hebrew word for a worker who was paid wages was sâkîyr, pronounced "saw-keer", Strong's Hebrew 7916.]]

• Leviticus 25:44 and 46   [Buy slaves from non-Israelites, and bequeath them.]

  2 
   25: 44  you may buy male and female slaves from among the nations that are round about you. 46  You may bequeath them to your sons after you, to inherit as a possession for ever; you may make slaves of them, but over your brethren the people of Israel you shall not rule, one over another, with harshness. – (RSV) 2 again

• Leviticus 27:28-29 and 34   [Human being, etc., devoted to the LORD to be killed.]


   27:28.  "But no devoted thing that a man devotes to the LORD, of everything that he has, whether of man or beast, or of his inherited field, shall be sold or redeemed; every devoted thing is most holy to the LORD.   29 No one devoted, who is to be utterly destroyed from among men, shall be ransomed; he shall be put to death. "  34. These are the commandments which the LORD commanded Moses for the people of Israel on Mount Sinai.  (RSV).  [[Notice the third phrase shows that man (which means humans) are among what the man (the well-off man) OWNS.  This verse sanctions human sacrifice, no matter how much religionists may try to deny it.  And also see how in Judges 11:30-31, 34, 39 below, a daughter (notice, not named) was treated as being OWNED by her father Jephthah, and was killed in compliance with a vow (a promise to Yehovah).]]

• Numbers 1:51   [Strangers who come near tabernacle shall be put to death.]


   51   tabernacle and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.  – (AV)

• Numbers 31: 17-18   [Kill the Midianites, except save virgins for yourselves.]


   31: 17 Now therefore, kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman who has known man by lying with him.  18 But all young girls that have not known man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves. (RSV).

• Deuteronomy 25:11-12  [Cut off woman's hand if she seizes man's private parts.]


   If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant, and she reaches out and seizes him by his private parts, you shall cut off her hand.  Show her no pity. - (New International Version (NIV), © 1983.)  [[Found by KJJM Feb 23, 2006, inserted May 25, 2010.  Compare with Judges 1:6 and 2 Samuel 4:12 / R.C. Douay printed as 2 Kings 4:12.]]
 

• Joshua 6 to 8  [Rules for plunder, Achan family burned; two mass murders.]


   6:17  And the city [Jericho] shall be accursed and all that are therein only Rahab shall live and all that are with her
   6:19  But all the silver, and gold, and vessels of brass and iron, are consecrated unto the LORD. ***
   7:20-21  And Achan answered I saw among the spoils a goodly Babylonish garment silver gold I coveted them, and took them hid
   7:24-26  And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan silver garment gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen asses sheep tent all that he had And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire raised over him a great heap of stones called, valley of Achor, unto this day. ***
   8:26-27  Joshua utterly destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai.  Only the cattle and spoil of that city [Ai] Israel took for a prey unto themselves, according unto the word of the LORD which he commanded Joshua.
–  (King James version (AV), Reformers' translation, 1611).   [[BOOTY, and MASS MURDER: So, the LORD forbade the warriors from privately taking a share of booty at Jericho, instead putting many items into His treasury.  Yehovah God confirmed booty-taking at the later conquest of the city of Ai (called Hai in R.C. Douay translation, 1609).  Did the sons and daughters of Achan deserve a horrible fate because Achan took some booty ?  And even the dumb animals he owned ?  Yet mass-murder was recorded as following Yehovah's orders !]]
   [[Read the somewhat dissimilar story in Muslim tradition, Bukhari's Hadith Volume 4, Book 53, Number 353, of other booty being ordered to be destroyed (by fire from heaven, the text says), and later on it seems that Muslims were allowed more freedom with booty-taking and keeping.  (Ponder if Somalian pirates follow such teachingsin 2010-13, etc.)]] 

• Judges 1:6   [Prisoner of war Adoni-Bezek has thumbs and big toes cut off.]


   1: 6 Adoni-Bezek fled, but they chased him and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and big toes. – (NIV, © 1983.)  [[Found by KJJM May 25, 2006.  Compare with Deut 25:11-12 and 2 Sam 4:12 / 2 Kings 4:12.]]

• Judges 11:30-31, 34, 39   [Daughter is burnt for vow to the LORD.]


   11:30  And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD, and said, "If thou wilt give the Ammonites into my hand,  31 then whoever comes forth from the doors of my house to meet me, when I return victorious from the Ammonites, shall be the LORD's, and I will offer him up for a burnt offering." []  34 Then Jephthah came to his home at Mizpah; and behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances; she was his only child; [39  And at the end of two months, her father did with her according to his vow which he had made. – Judges 11:30-31, 34, 39 (RSV).  [[The rule about such a vow is at Leviticus 27:28, 29, 34; see above.]]

• Judges 19:22-28   [Women are offered to spare a Levite man from penetration.]


   19:22  Send out the man we should like to have intercourse with him! 24 Here is my daughter, she is a virgin but do not commit such an infamy against this man.  25 The Levite took hold of his concubine and brought her out to them.  They had intercourse with her and ill-treated her all night 28 There was no answer. –  Judges 19:22-28 (NJB pocket edition, R.C.}

• Judges 19:29   [The dead concubine's body cut into 12 pieces.]


   19:29  And when he entered his house, he took a knife, and laying hold of his concubine he divided her, limb by limb, into twelve pieces, and sent her throughout all the territory of Israel. – Judges 19:29 (RSV).

• Judges 20:48   [Israel ruins Benjamin, their 'brothers and sisters'.]


   19:48  And the men of Israel turned back against the Benjaminites, and smote them with the edge of the sword, men and beasts and all that they found.  And all the towns which they found they set on fire. – (RSV)

• 1st Book of Samuel 15:3   [Slay man, woman, infant, and suckling – animals too.]


   15:3   Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have; do not spare them, but kill both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass. – 1 Samuel 15:3 (RSV) / RC versions, 1 Kings 15:3.

• 2nd Book of Samuel 4:12   [Prisoners of war killed, hands and feet cut off]


   4: 12 So David gave an order to his men, and they killed them.  They cut off their hands and feet and hung the bodies by the pool in Hebron. – 2 Samuel 4:12. (NIV) / 2 Kings 4:12 in RC Douay Bible.  [[Compare with Deuteronomy 25:11-12 and Judges 1:6 above.  See variant in Muslim scripture, Koran 5:33 (or 5:37)]]

• 2nd Book of Samuel 6:6-7   [Uzzah steadied it, angered the LORD, so God struck]

  3 
   When they came to the threshing floor of Nacon, Uzzah reached out and took hold of the ark of God, because the oxen stumbled.  The LORD's anger burned against Uzzah because of his irreverent act; therefore God struck him down and he died there beside the ark of God. – 2 Samuel 6:6-7 (NIV) / 2 Kings 6:6-7.  3

• 1st Book of Kings 2:6, 9   [King David tells heir Solomon to murder on his behalf.]


   2:6 do not let his [Joab's] grey head go down to Sheol in peace. – 1 Kings 2:6 (RSV) / In old RC versions, 3 Kings 2:6.  [[Assassination carried out: 1 Kings 2:34 / 3 Kings 2:34.]]
   2:9 you shall bring his [Shimei's] grey head down with blood to Sheol. – 1 Kings 2:9 (RSV) / 3 Kings 2:9 [[Assassination carried out: 1 Kings 2:46 / 3 Kings 2:46.]]

• 1st Book of Kings 2:39-40   [Runaway slaves are brought back.]


   2:39 two of Shimei's slaves ran away to Gath   40 Shimei went and brought his slaves from Gath. – 1 Kings 2:39-40 (RSV) / 3 Kings 2:39-40

• 1st Book of Kings 11:3   [King Solomon has 700 wives and 300 concubines.]


   11:3 He had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines – 1 Kings 11:3 / 3 Kings 11:3.

• 2nd Book of Kings 2:23-24   [Prophet Elisha curses, then she-bears tear, 42 boys.]


   2:23  He [Elisha] went up from there [Jericho] to Bethel; and while he was going up on the way, some small boys came out of the city and jeered at him, saying, "Go up, you baldhead!  Go up, you baldhead!"   24 And he turned around, and when he saw them, he cursed them in the name of the LORD.  And two she-bears came out of the woods and tore forty-two of the boys. – 2 Kings 2:23-24 (RSV) / 4 Kings 2:23-24.

• Psalm 24:8 & 10   [The LORD, mighty in battle!   The LORD of hosts! ]


   24:   8  Who, then, is this glorious King?  Jehovah, strong and mighty, Jehovah, mighty in battle.   10  Jehovah of armies – he is the glorious King. – Psalm 24:8 & 10 (NWT) / Ps 23:8 &10. [[Also see Exodus 15:3]]

• Psalm 137:8-9   [Dash Babylon's little ones against the rock! ]


   137:   8  O daughter of Babylon, you devastator   9  Happy shall he be who takes your little ones and dashes them against the rock! – Psalm 137:8-9  (RSV):  In old RC versions, Psalm 136:8-9.  [[ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: The Rock of Burns Beach.]]
All scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness   6 
– Christian Scriptures: 2 Timothy 3:16  6
________________________________________
 ENDNOTES  (Some of these refer to the New Testament webpage, and might be removed - or given clickable links - later - Webmaster, 17 July 2013)
 1   Genesis 22:1-2, 10, 12: "Your ONLY SON Isaac": 
   Error in this story?  These words are used three times in this chapter, but they are inconsistent with the rest of the Abraham stories.  (Remember, three global monotheistic religions' scriptures seem to include the Abraham and near-victim story.)  Inconsistency evidence:- Abram (later called Abraham) had his first son Ishmael / Ismael, born of the slave-girl Hagar / Agar, according to Genesis 15:15.  Ishmael was born, according to Genesis 16:15, when Abraham was 86 years old, so Ishmael was his "only son" for 13 to 14 years.  Another son, Isaac, was born to Sarah / Sarai / Sara when Abraham was 100 years old (Genesis 21:5).
   But Sarah and Abraham cast the slave-girl Hagar and the child Ishmael out, according to Genesis 21:10, which is difficult to accept as the action of "moral" people, to be honoured for generations. 
   In fact, the inconsistency of "Isaac, your only son, whom you love," might be evidence of insertion of the name Isaac (ancestor of Israelites and/or Judahites, it is written) instead of Ishmael (said to be the ancestor of the Arabs), by Israelite/Judahite copyists, according to a footnote to a Koran translation, which at 37:102 does not give a name to the near-victim son.  Arabic scripture, the Koran (Qur'an) of the Muslims, seems to show Ismā‘īl / Ishmael as being first son of a wife of Ibrāhim / Abraham, not of a slave-girl. 
   ANYWAY, according to Hebrew scripture Genesis 25:9, both Ishmael and Isaac outlived Abraham, and buried him in the cave of Machpelah.  So, from these readings, although Ishmael was an only son into his teens, Isaac never was an ONLY son.
   Horror: But, although this "only son" inconsistency suggests that this Hebrew text was not written under the inspiration of the infallible holy spirit of the God of Truth and Mercy, but such human errors are only words.  What about the cruel actions reported?  Would the mind of the son Isaac be gravely disturbed by this episode in his life? 
   The very ideas of a person intending to sacrifice his/her son (Genesis 22:2), or to sell a daughter into slavery (Exodus 21:7-11), or to actually kill his daughter as a sacrifice (Judges 11:30-31, 34, 39), or killing children and livestock of indigenous people (1 Samuel 15:3), fills modern civilised peoples with horror. 
   Yet, three global monotheistic religions' scriptures seem to include the Abraham and near-victim story.  Judaism and Christianity treat Abraham as a kind of keystone of their obedience and rightful succession theories.  The Christian Greek scriptures use the expelling of the slave-woman and her son in a figure of speech, as if it was not morally evil.  Islam has its variant on this story at Koran 37:101-107.
   Heartless sex-acts and discrimination:  Hagar the slave-girl was expected to provide sexual services to Abraham as a condition of slavery, and presumably labour, cook, and carry water for him without pay.  Loose-moraled men have been having non-marital sex, taking advantage of women, for thousands of years.  But, when the lady gets pregnant by seduction, the more responsible man MARRIES the woman, either willingly, or under pressure from the community or family.
   Where was Abraham's compassion?  Don't tell me polygamy was forbidden then – if so, why wasn't slavery also forbidden?  Or, was it DISCRIMINATION against the woman and the young male?  That's another black mark for Abraham.  Don't ethical moral fathers love their babies and the woman or women bearing them?  Not in this case!
   And another thing, the writer/s of Genesis 21:10 say that on the complaint of the legal wife Sarah, Abraham expelled Hagar and the youngster from their camp or home or whatever.  A responsible manly man, years earlier, would have married Hagar, making her a legal wife, before baby Ishmael was due to be born. 
   The rejected mother and child had no modern amenities in those days, very few paid jobs for women (especially if burdened with a child) and no social security payments.  She and the teenager were sent out to perish, or she was to become some other well-off man's bedmate, domestic slave, and water carrier.  (Another thought: Slaves are property, so by sending the woman and child out, Abraham was losing things (? persons) of value.  Any comment, theologians?)
   The heavenly voice:  Back to the text – God tested Abraham, and said to him, etc., but the LORD'S
angel forbids.  OK:  Why didn't the god Elohiym or the angel of the god Yehovah, years before, tell Abraham to make Hagar a free woman and his legal wife, to love her child Ishmael, and speak out in opposition to most events of this sad sorry string of malovelence?  Why do three monotheistic religions set their compass by Abraham?  To this day!
 2   Exodus 20:17, Leviticus 25:44, 46, and Matthew 10:24:  SLAVERY was practised by prosperous classes in both Israel and Judah in Old Testament times.  And it was accepted as normal by Christians, according to the New Testament in Matthew 10:24 and elsewhere. Remember, many traditional Bible translations used euphemisms (or "weasel words") such as "servant" instead of "slave" (Hebrew ‘ebed and ’amah, Greek doulos, doule) in many places.  To get a feeling for this, read the footnote "Your ONLY SON Isaac", referring to Genesis 15:15 and other verses. 
If you have a New Testament, also look up Ephesians 6: 5-8 in the Douay or King James versions, where the chapter's advice to "servants" gives the game away at the end, by the phrase "bond or free."  The Webmaster recommends reading a newer translation, but even some of these use "handmaid" and "maid" in the Genesis story about Jacob having sons by slave-girls. 
   In the 10th Commandment "manservant" and "maidservant" are in translations in Church usage and elsewhere instead of man slave and slave-girl.  In other places the words to disguise meaning in translations include bondsman and bondmaid.  In a few places there is "young man," possibly like "boy" is/was used by some people of southern states of USA when speaking to or about African-Americans, whose ancestors were enslaved in former times by so-called Christians, with coastal African groups co-operating by catching them.
   Old Testament check-up (Alternative book names and/or other references are given after a forward stroke, i.e. "/"): Genesis 15:3, 16:1ff, 17:12-13, 23, 27;  24:2, 30:3, 9; Exodus 12:44, 20:10, 20:17 (10th Commandment includes: don't covet neighbour's man-servant nor his maid-servant, original language "slaves), 21:1-11, 21:2-6 (Judaists buying Judaist slaves, and seven-year rule), Exodus 21:7-11 (Rules about selling a daughter into slavery), 21:20, 21:26, 21:32, 22:3, 23:12; Leviticus 25:39, 25:47; Deuteronomy 5:21 (10th Commandment includes: don't covet neighbour's man-servant nor his maid-servant, original language, "slaves"), 12:12-18, 15:12-18, 16:11-14, 21:10-14 (women war captives), 23:15-16 (don't return a slave); 2 Samuel / 2 Kings 9:2, 1 Kings / 3 Kings 2:39, 5:2-3 9:21; 1 Chronicles / 1 Paralipomenon 2:34-35; Nehemiah / 2 Esdras 7:67; Job 31:13-15; Proverbs 17:2, 19:10.
   Apocrypha: Ben Sira / Ecclesiasticus / Sirach 33:25-31.
   New Testament:  Read verses quoted in the main article, and also read Philemon (all of it).  Paul did not ORDER the owner to free the slave.  The "Christian" Spanish, Portuguese, and British cultures all had slavery as part of their system (as did the Chinese and Muslim cultures).
   Islam, too, has scripture and tradition condoning (that is, permitting) slavery.  An example in The Koran scripture is at 24:58 (or 24:57): "Believers, let your slaves and those who are under age ask your leave on three occasions when they come in to see you ."  Islamic traditions in the Hadith include: Bukhari's, 8, 82:815:- [] The Prophet said, "By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, I will judge you according to the Laws of Allah. Your one-hundred sheep and slave are to be returned to you, ."
   Three religions: So, this means that Judaism, Christianity, and the later starter, Islam (Muslims, Moham­med­an­ism), all have slavery treated as a part of everyday life in their scriptures and other texts about their traditions.  (By the way, Islam's scripture and its books and preachers claim that their religion dates back to Abraham, Moses, and Noah, if not earlier.)  So, Yehovah, Jesus and The Father, and Allah supposedly did not think it worth while to tell their adherents that to take slaves, sell slaves, or own slaves was a most serious sin.
 3   2 Samuel 6:6-7 and look back to Genesis 22:1-2, 10-12:  TWO NAMES for the Divine Being in Uzzah killing, and in near-killing of Isaac:  For serious students of these Hebrew writings, please ponder why there seem to be VARIOUS NAMES for the Hebrew god, including:
  • God (Elohiym, pronounced "el-o-heem"; Strong's Hebrew 430), first seen in the very first verse of Hebrew Scriptures.
  • The LORD (Yehovah, or "I am who exists"; Strong's Hebrew 3068).
  • El Shaddai (often approximated in translations as "Almighty God"; Strong's Hebrew 7706).  (El Shaddai is seen at Genesis 17:1, 28:3, 35:11, 43:14, 48:3, 49:25; Exodus 6:3, Numbers 24:4, 24:16; Ruth 1:20-21; Job 5:17 and 30 times more to Job 40:2; twice in Psalms, once in Isaiah, twice in Ezekiel, and once at Joel 1:15.  See Strong's list "Almighty" at page 28.)
  • El (Strong's, Hebrew number 410) translated as God, makes its first appearance at Genesis 14:18.
  • Adonai (Strong's 136), is oftimes translated as "the Lord." See it at Genesis 15:2.
  • Adown or Adon (Strong's 113) appears at Deuteronomy 10.17.
       To read more about various names for God in Hebrew scriptures, please visit: "Religion / Names of the O.T. God" on this website.
       The various names have presumably been puzzling people for centuries.  Some bold thinkers state that Elohiym (which is a plural form mean­ing "gods") was invoked early on, but when Yehovah worshippers came into the same orbit, the word Yehovah was inserted into books that supposedly came from an earlier time.
       CONTRADICTION: Take note that the second book of Hebrew scripture states that Abraham, Isaac and Jacob had not known Him by the name Yehovah (Exodus 6:3).  That seems a bit at odds with the claim in the Bible's first book that in the time of Enos or Enosh, a grandson of Adam, people first began calling on the name of the LORD – which is some translators' code for Yehovah. (Genesis 4:26).  (Some modern bibles use the word Yahweh, but the Hebrew is yod, he, vav, he, YHVH, or Hebrew, reading right to left, י ה ו ה ‎ ~= Yehôvâh.)  (The original vowel sounds had possibly been lost in antiquity, because of the superstition of not pronouncing this name for the Divinity, and instead saying "Adonai".)
       Sadly, a whole religion, that of the Jehovah's Witnesses, is devoted to reverencing mainly one of these various Hebrew names for the Heavenly Being, and insisting that one, Tetragrammaton, YHVH, is the right one, pronounced, at least in English, with a J sound for Jehovah.
     4   Mark 11:12-14 and 20:  FIG TREE CURSED, WITHERED: Why would Jesus seek to "find anything on it" if "it was not the season for figs."?  If He was Almighty God, wouldn't He know that it was not fig-fruiting season, AND that there were no figs on it ?  Doesn't His curse, then, look like a petty tantrum, not befitting a philosopher, let alone the Lord of Creation ?  And remember, the OWNER/S of the fig tree are not consulted or even mentioned in either gospel.  Also, ask yourself, if Jesus was God, why didn't He CREATE ripe figs on the spot ?  He could have shared them with His followers.  Or was this tale written before the Jesus-is-God dogma had been invented ?
     5   Ephesians 5:22-23: WOMEN to be SUBJECT to their men, as to the Lord!  Sensible men who know their own weaknesses don't believe such Bible texts, knowing that their wives have helped lead them away from silly or immoral inclinations at times.  This N.T. text is just one of a few pushing women down.  But to look back further, get a real feel for the Old Testament's idea of women lacking human rights, by reading Exodus 21:7-11 and 22:18, Leviticus 15:19-20, Deuteronomy 25:11-12, Judges 19:22-28, and some other texts given above.
     6   2 Timothy 3:16:  INSPIRED ?  RIGHTEOUSNESS ?   Readers, do you believe, as this disputed book claims, that all Old Testament SCRIPTURE IS INSPIRED by God and is profitable for training in righteousness ?   (The "scriptures" which "St Paul" meant, presumably, were the ones that existed then, that is, Hebrew-Aramaic scripture.  At times the N.T. writers quoted from the widely-used Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew-Aramaic literature, which varied in meaning from the Hebrew original, and also had more books and writings.)
    SLAVERY IS SUPPORTED in the 10TH COMMANDMENT
       It was a great surprise to me when browsing a bible translation to see that the 10th Commandment had confirmed slavery.  It was in a little-known version, God's Word Bible translation, 1995, by God's Word to the Nations, U.S.A.
       Yes, at Exodus 20:17, in the Decalogue's 10th Commandment against coveting, we are forbidden to desire to take our neighbour's household, his wife, his male or female slave, his ox, his donkey, or anything else that belongs to him.  Yes, and it's similar at Deuteronomy 5:21.
       I discovered this by chance in God's Word Bible on August 19, 2011.  I was flummoxed to find that Christianity, supposedly freeing humanity, was copying Judaism's protection of slavery, and cheating on translations.
       Generations of Anglican and other Reformed Churches' children and adults have recited these words of the 10th Commandment based on the 1611 Authorised Version of Bible, not to covet "his manservant, nor his maidservant."  So, was this 1995 translation more correct than the 1611 translation, for which 400-year celebrations are being held in the second half of 2011 ?
       A bit of research showed that years ago in 1927 the inventor of the Esperanto language, Dr Louis L. Zamenhof, had published the truth.  His translation into Esperanto from the original language, Hebrew, of the 10th Commandment, included the words sklavo and sklavino, that is, "slave" and "female slave."
       And some English-language translators had used "slave" instead of "servant" or similar euphemisms in publications of 1966, 1968, 1971, 1984, 1991, 1995 and 1996.  The fact that I and many others had not realised the shameful truth is, perhaps, another example of how most popular bible translations plus propaganda close the eyes and ears and minds of people.
       The words have been checked to Hebrew words and translations in The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of Bible, 1996.  They are ‘ebed = male slave (Strong's Hebrew 5650), and ’âmâh = female slave (Strong's Hebrew 519).
       Teachers of Roman Catholic children, of course, seemed to avoid the issue by using a catechism that showed the commandment, divided, as "9. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife.  10. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's goods."  The R.C. Douay Bible of 1582 and 1609 had "servant" mistranslations before the publication of the Church of England's 1611 Bible.  But, how could "servants" be classified as part of the neighbour's "goods", unless it was thought they were possessions ?  And, are "slaves" "goods" ?  The fraud is obvious, and the translators' efforts to hide the cruel words needed such mental gymnastics.
       However, some elements of the R.C.C. published the truth years ago.  The Jesuit John L. McKenzie's Dictionary of the Bible, 1968, honestly gave the meaning as male and female slave in his "Decalogue" article when quoting the Bible's two lists (p 186).  Although he seems to have made no adverse comment on this "divine commandment" to condone slavery, his article "Slave, Slavery" (pp 823-5) is honest in exposing the fact that both the Judaic and the Christian scriptures seem to treat slavery as a fact of life, rather than a denial of humanity's right to freedom.  The R.C. imprimatur (permission to print) was dated 1965. 
       But the mainstream Roman Catholic Church before and after McKenzie was still obscuring the truth, as it had been doing at least since the Douay Bible publication of its New Testament translation in 1582 and its Old Testament translation in 1609, with repeated reprintings to the present day, and by permitting the Knox Bible's mistranslations issued in 1949, 1955, and 1957, and The New Jerusalem Bible (NJB), 1985 and 1990, which has been widely used in its divine worship, and which shows "servant, man or woman." 
       The Revised Standard Version (RSV) of 1952 is a revision of a revision of the Church of England's Authorised Version (King James).  The (RSV) also adheres to the "cover-up," using the euphemisms "manservant" and "maidservant" in their O.T. translation, reprinted and reprinted.
       And the reformed and evangelical scholars who worked on the New International Version (NIV)  1973, 1978 and 1984, and on its revision, Today's New International Version (TNIV), copyrighted 2001 and 2005, are also deceiving the people by printing "male or female servant."  (By the way, the Hebrew word for a servant who gets WAGES is sâkîyr, pronounced "saw-keer", Strong's Hebrew 7916.)
       How could generations of Anglican, Roman Catholic, and many other clergy and teachers face themselves while deceiving the public for so long ?  Is there any excuse for this ?
       LIST OF TRUTHFUL PUBLICATIONS (date order): Here is a list of publications known to the author, showing the truth, that slaves were referred to, not servants:
    • 1927, Dr Lazaro L. Zamenhof, Esperanto Old Testament, and other translators, the Esperanto New Testament;
    • 1966 and 1971, the Good News Bible (GNB), also known as The Bible in Today's English Version (TEV);
    • 1968, the Dictionary of the Bible, by John L. McKenzie, U.S.A.;
    • 1969, the Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures, The, (KIT).
    • 1984 revision, the New World Translation (NWT) (literalist translation), New World Bible Translation Committee, International Bible Students Association, Brooklyn (New York), U.S.A.;
    • 1991 and 1995, the Contemporary English Version (CEV), also known as The Bible for Today;
    • 1995, the God's Word ® Bible (GWT) from God's Word to the Nations, PO Box 400, Orange Park, Florida, 32067-0400, U.S.A.;
    • 1996, The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.  - John C. Massam, August 19-28, 2011.
       NOTE: SANS-SERIF TYPE, GREY COLOUR:  Mostly on this website, if scripture scholars have declared books or parts of books disputed or doubtful, quotations are shown on this website in sans-serif typeface, and in a grey colour (which when printed is sometimes hard to tell from black), to distinguish them from what many say are more reputable scriptures.
       SOURCES and REFERENCES (alphabetical order):
       Authorised Version (AV), that is, the King James Bible, London, 1611.  (Reformers' translation in England.)
       Contemporary English Version (CEV) 1991 and 1995, also known as The Bible for Today.
       Douay-Rheims Bible; New Testament 1582, Old Testament 1609.  (Roman Catholic translation done by English refugees in France; often called just Douay or, at times, Douai.)
       God's Word ® translation (GWT), © 1995, by God's Word to the Nations, (a mission society), <www.godsword.org>, PO Box 400, Orange Park, Florida, 32067-0400, United States of America.  AND © 2003 Green Key Books. AND imprinted with Baker Books, a division of Baker Publishing Group. (To this webpage on 19 Aug 2011.)
       Good News Bible (GNB) 1966 and 1971, also known as The Bible in Today's English Version (TEV).
       Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures, The, (KIT) (literalist translation), 1st Edition, foreword dated 1950, 1st edition © 1969, New World Bible Translation Committee, International Bible Students Association, Brooklyn (New York).
       King James's Bible, also called the Authorised Version (AV), London, 1611.  (Reformers' translation in England.)
       New International Version (NIV) © 1973, 1978, 1983, (reformed and evangelical scholars), International Bible Society; Publisher: Zondervan Publishing House <http://­www.­zonde­rvan.com>, Grand Rapids (Michigan, U.S.A.).
       New Jerusalem Bible (NJB), (regular edition), (scholarly Roman Catholic translation), © 1985 by Darton, Longman & Todd, Ltd. and Doubleday; Doubleday, New York, London, Toronto, Sydney, Auckland. WANSBROUGH, Henry (general editor). ISBN 0-385-14264-1.
       New Jerusalem Bible (NJB), (pocket edition), (scholarly R.C. translation), © 1985, 1990, Darton Longman & Todd, London, U.K.  ISBN 0 232 51890 4 (Printed case edition)
       New World Translation (NWT) (literalist translation), © 1984 revision, New World Bible Translation Committee, International Bible Students Association, Brooklyn (New York), U.S.A.
       Revised Standard Version, (RSV) of the Holy Bible, © O.T. 1952 and © N.T. 1971, Collins Clear-Type Press, New York, Glasgow, and Toronto.  (Stated to be an authorised revision of the American Standard Version, 1901, which was a revision of the Authorised Version, i.e., the reformers' 1611 King James Version.)
       Today's New International Version (TNIV ®) © 2001, 2005, (reformed and evangelical scholars), International Bible Society, Colorado Springs, Colorado, U.S.A.; an update of NIV.
       ZAMENHOF, Lazaro Ludoviko, 1927, La Malnova Testamento el la Hebrea Originalo, British and Foreign Bible Society, London, and the National Bible Society of Scotland, Edinburgh and Glasgow.  (He was a Judaist by birth, and his O.T. translations from Hebrew into Esperanto, yielding sklavo and sklavino, align with J.L.McKenzie's 1968 slave article.)
       Internet Bibles: 
       Bible Crosswalk http://bible.crosswalk.com .
       Bible Gateway www.biblegateway.com .
       ZAMENHOF, Lazaro Ludoviko; 1927; Old Testament translation: <www.jesus.org.uk/­cgi-bin/bible/­bible.c­gi?BIBL­E=Esper­anto&­BO­OK=1&SE­ARCH=+­+&CASE=­ON­&HILITE­=­O­N­&FIRST=OK­&R1=I&CH­AP=2&S­UBMIT=Read#15>.
       OTHER ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
       CRUDEN, Alexander; (orig. 1737), 1969; Cruden's complete concordance to the Old and New Testaments, Lutterworth Press, London.  (The text indexed is of the Authorised Version (King James Version) of 1611, with some references to the Revised Version of 1881, and so leaves out the extra books and sections used by Roman Catholics.)
       McKENZIE, John L. (Jesuit); © 1965, 1968 edition; Article "Slave, slavery," Dictionary of the Bible, Geoffrey Chapman, London; pp 823-25, and elsewhere.  (Its coverage includes books, often called apocrypha, such as the two books of Maccabees, not accepted by Judaists and the Reformed Churches, and some of which are rejected also by the Orthodox Churches.  Quite frank about the slavery question.)
       STRONG, Dr James (1882-94); © 1996; The New Strong's ™ Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, Thomas Nelson, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.A.. (It indexes the English words in the Authorised Version of 1611, and "keys in" the words by unique numbers to the relevant languages, Hebrew, Aramaic or Greek, with pronunciation guide.)
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    More objectionable texts
       MORE OBJECTIONABLE TEXTS such as "an eye for an eye," and "heavenly" orders to totally destroy Palestine's indigenous people (and their livestock and food trees) may be found by looking at what were originally Hebrew writings, and traditions, plus similar death-dealing scriptures from another religion that wrote in another Asian language, Arabic, and its traditions.   (Keep both eyes open when looking on this website and elsewhere in the literature for more lowlights that ought to be included in scholarly papers and leaders' talks on "comparative religion," "oecumenism," "non-discrimination," "inclusion," "diversity," "multicultural," "culturally sensitive," "culturally appropriate," "harmony day," and suchlike.)
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    Slavery is supported in the 10th Commandment. Aug 2011
    Sources and References.

    Spoils rules, Achan family burned; two mass murders. At the destruction of Jericho Achan and seemingly his family were stoned and burnt because he kept some of the spoils (booty).  At both Jericho and Ai mass murder of the indigenous people was carried out.  Booty-taking was confirmed at Ai.  Entry corrected on Mar 09, 2012.
    Spoils forbidden, Achan. (Incorrect heading and commentary, corrected on March 09, 2012)
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    Hived off under the name objectionable.htm from difficult.htm on 17 July 2013, which itself had been hived off (as sicken.htm, next day called difficult.htm) from spurious.htm with Microsoft ® WordPad © on 20 June 2008, to be tested time permitting with more than one Browser; spellchecked if time permits with Ms Word ©; quotes about the LORD being a man of war and Jehovah of armies added on 19 Jul 08, also transliteration of Hebrew words for God and LORD (only displayed under mouse cursor) added on 19 Jul 08, not to ascend steps to altar, rules for Hebrews buying Hebrew slaves, and wives to be subject to husbands added 21 May 2010, cut off wife's hand, and no blood no forgiveness, added 25 May 2010; on 31 March 2011 there were effectively about 4 1/3 pages; inserted explanation of Hebrew words for God and Lord in a visible endnote on 01 Apr 2011; endnote numbers given yellow background and black borders on 01 Apr 2011; blue borders 02 Apr 2011; 10th Commandment "servants" instead of "slaves" exposed on 19 Aug 2011; El Shaddai facts and discussion to this webpage 19 Aug 2011; Enos / Enosh time men began calling on Yehovah added 23 Aug 2011; Mistake about spoils at Jericho corrected on 09 March 2012; large additions made to Endnote 1, Genesis 22:1-2, 10, 12: "Your ONLY SON Isaac" 17-19 Jul 2013 and more on 03 Sep 2013, last modified on 04 Sep 2013
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