(Select your Background, Text and Image Colours / Colors)
Safe Colour Samples adapted from a Webpage chart by PAUL LUJAN, of Harvard University, 1999; PLUS
in alphabetical order from the list and codes in book by MARTIN & DAVIS, Project Cool…, 1997, pp 221-22
all testable against two Background Changers
154  ^ ^  < < Experiments  CONTENTS 1-50  101-on  Translate  Links  Events  Books  HOME  Named Colours > >  v v  156
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Go to: Primaries (4) | Secondaries (4) | Grays/Greys (4)
Primary Shades (24) | Secondary Shades (24)
colors with blue and green only (20) | with red and blue only (20) | with red and green only (20)
colors with magenta and yellow only (12) | with cyan and yellow only (12) | with cyan and magenta only (12)
Everything Else (60). Total 216.


Background Colour Changer adapted and enlarged from Brenda Frink and Michael Anderson (eds), HTML Complete, 1999, Sybex, San Francisco, page 607.
   The first eight actual colours on this table are eight of the 16 "NAMED COLOURS", and have been shown with no capital initial, because this began to be the preferred way of quoting the named colours. There were quite a number of duplications in the names that were originally on Paul Lujan's "Safe Color Samples," so I have attempted to either change or number them.
   Remember, the majority of the colours in the SAFE COLOURS list are NOT one of the "Named Colours." In any case, my advice is to use the Hexadecimal numbering system written with lower-case letters, not the names. And NOT with other numeric or percentage values (The reason for this is that the newer tagging languages XML and XHTML do NOT support them, according to Elizabeth Castro's book, 2003. She and other authors now believe that nearly everybody has a browser that will correctly show every colour, or will soon have one. But it is still useful and pleasant to see colours on the screen with their relevant codings.)
Safe Color Samples
cyan / aqua
Dark Gray
Medium Gray
Light Gray
Really Light Gray
Almost Black Red
Unofficial Brown
Mid Brown
Dark Red
Medium Red
Lighter Red
Unofficial Pink
Light Pink
Almost Black Green
Somewhat Dark Green
Darkish Green
Dark Green 1st
Light Green 1st
Lighter Green
Really Light Green
Very Light Green
Almost Black Blue
Very Dark Blue 1st
Darkish Blue
Dark Blue 1st
Bright Blue 1st
Lighter Blue
Almost Black Cyan
Dark Green-Cyan
Lighter Cyan
Even Lighter Cyan
Very Light Cyan
Almost Unreadable Cyan
Almost Black Magenta
Very Dark Magenta
Darkish Magenta
Dark Magenta
Lighter Magenta
Even Lighter Magenta
Very Light Magenta
Almost Unreadable Magenta
Almost Black Yellow
Khakhi-ish Brown
Yellowish Khakhi
Dark Yellow
Lighter Yellow
Even Lighter Yellow
Very Light Yellow
Almost Unreadable Yellow
Blue-Black 1st
Dark Blue 2nd
Deep Blue 1st
Bright Blue 2nd
Green-Black 1st
Dark Blue-Green
Faded Blue
Light Blue 1st
Very Dark Green
Dark Green-Blue
Light Blue-Green
Pale Blue
Deep Green
Faded Green
Light Green-Blue
Bluish Aqua
Bright Green 1st
Light Green 2nd
Pale Green 1st
Greenish Aqua
Blue-Black 2nd
Dark Blue 3rd
Deep Blue 2nd
Bright Blue 3rd
Mission Brown
Dark Bluish Violet
Faded Blue
Light Blue 2nd
Deep Brown
Dark Violet
Light Bluish Violet
Deep Red 1st
Strong Red
Light Reddish Violet
Pale Bluish Violet
Bright Red 1st
Light Red
Pale Reddish Violet
Green-Black 2nd
Dark Green 2nd
Deep Green 2nd
Bright Green 2nd
Rust Brown
Camouflage Green
Unofficial Lime
Yellowish Lime
Light Lime
Deep Red 2nd
Red-Orange 1st
Yellowish Orange / Brown
Limeish Yellow
Bright Red 2nd
Unofficial Orange
Light Orange
Golden Yellow
Dark Magenta 2nd
Deep Magenta
Lighter Magenta
Dark Magenta-Red
Mid Magenta
Even Lighter Magenta
An Orange
Another Orange
Light Magenta-Red
Very Light Magenta
Deep Yellow / Orangey
Faded Yellow / Orangey
Light Caramel / Brown
Very Light Red
Strong Green on Cyan
Green on Cyan
Deep Cyan
Lighter Cyan
Green-Yellow on Cyan
Green on Cyan 2nd
Even Lighter Cyan
Green Colour
Dark Green Colour
Light Cyan-Green
Very Light Cyan
Faded Green-Yellow
Light Yellow-Green
Almost Unreadable Cyan
Dark Cyan
Deep Cyan 2nd
Lighter Cyan
Dark Cyan-Blue
Faded Cyan 2nd
Even Lighter Cyan
Dark Magenta 3rd
Dark Magenta-Blue
Light Cyan-Blue
Very Light Cyan
Deep Magenta 2nd
Faded Magenta 2nd
Light Magenta-Blue
Dark Gray
Dark Lavender
Baby Blue
Forest Green
Sea Green
Sea Blue
Dark Sky Blue
Grass Green
Leafy Green
Light Sea Green
Light Turquoise
Vibrant Green
Algae Green
Aqua Green
Light Aqua
Dark Chocolate Brown
Deep Purple
Dark Purple
Violet Navy
Very Dark Green
Medium Gray
Light Navy
Faded Blue
Muddy Green
Pale Baby Blue
Pale Green 2nd
Washed Green
Faint Green
Pale Aqua
Reddish Brown
Dark Magenta 4th
Light Violet
Light Purple
Light Brown
Iron-oxide Brown
Gray Violet
Mid Violet
Dark Ochre
Light Gray
Faded Periwinkle
Electric Green
Pale Grass Green
Gray Aqua
Red-Orange 2nd
Vivid Violet
Reddish Orange
Pinkish Violet
Mid Violet
Tan Orange
Faint Magenta-Gray
Mid Periwinkle
Faded Ochre
Pale Yellow-Green
Mid Green-Gray
Really Light Gray
Background colour changer
By courtesy of -- Be CAREFUL with your mouse cursor!
   THE so-called SAFE COLOURS (above):  Paul Lujan when at Harvard displayed these 216 colours on the World Wide Web, because in those days some browsers and/or operating system could only be relied on to give true colour renditions of these "safe colours".  Finding Paul Lujan's website about colours seems to be impossible now.  (Because he had graduated, around July 2000 Paul was losing his Website address, but he planned to re-start at another Web address.)


THE NAMED COLOURS in alphabetical order from the list and codes in book Martin & Davis, Project Cool…, 1997, pp 221-22
aliceblue f0f8ff antiquewhite faebd7 aqua / cyan 00ffff aquamarine 7fffd4 azure f0ffff beige f5f5dc bisque ffe4c4
black #000000 blanchedalmond ffebcd blue 0000ff blueviolet 8a2be2 brown a52a2a burlywood deb887 cadetblue 5f9ea0
chartreuse #7fff00 chocolate d2691e coral ff7f50 cornflowerblue 6495ed cornsilk fff8dc crimson dc143c cyan / aqua 00ffff
darkblue 00008b darkcyan 008b8b darkgoldenrod b8b60b darkgray a9a9a9 darkgreen 006400 darkkhaki 006400 dark
magenta 8b008b
darkolivegreen 556b2f darkorange ff8c00 darkorchid 9932cc darkred 8b0000 darksalmon   e9967a darkseagreen 8fbc8f darkslateblue 483d8b
darkslategray 2f4f4f darkturquoise 00ced1 darkviolet 9400d3 deeppink ff1493 deepskyblue 00bfff dimgray 696969 dodgerblue 1e90ff
firebrick b22222 floralwhite fffaf0 forestgreen 228b22 fuchsia/magenta ff00ff gainsboro dcdcdc ghostwhite f8f8ff gold ffd700
goldenrod daa520

gray 808080 green 008000 greenyellow adff2f honeydew f0fff0 hotpink ff69b4 indigo 4b0082
ivory fffff0

khaki f0e68c lavender e6e6fa lavenderblush fff0f5 lawngreen 7cfc00 lemonchiffon fffacd lightblue add8e6
lightcoral f08080 lightcyan e0ffff lightgoldenrod yellow fafad2 lightgreen 90ee90 lightgray d3d3d3 lightpink ffb6c1 lightsalmon ffa07a
lightseagreen 20b2aa

lightskyblue 87cefa lightslategray 778899 lightsteelblue b0c4de lightyellow ffffe0 lime 00ff00 limegreen 32cd32
linen faf0e6 magenta/fuchsia ff00ff maroon 800000
(looks brown)
mediumaqua marine 66cdaa mediumblue 0000cd medium
orchid ba55d3
mediumpurple 9370db
mediumsea green 3cb371 mediumslate blue 7b68ae mediumspring green 00fa9a mediumturqu oise 48d1cc mediumviolet red c71585 midnightblue 191970 mintcream f5fffa
mistyrose ffe4e1 moccasin ffe4b5 navajowhite ffdead navy 000080 oldlace fdf5e6 olive 808000 olivedrab 6b8e23
orange ffa500 orangered ff4500 orchid da70d6 palegolden
rod eee8aa
palegreen 98fb98 pale
turquoise afeeee
paleviolet red db7093
papayawhip ffefd5 peachpuff ffdab9 peru cd853f pink ffc0cd plum dda0dd powderblue b0e0e6 purple 800080
red ff0000 rosybrown bc8f8f royalblue 4169e1 saddlebrown 8b4513 salmon fa8072 sandybrown f4a460 seagreen 2e8b57
seashell fff5ee sienna a0522d silver c0c0c0 skyblue 87ceed slateblue 6a5acd slategray 708090 snow fffafa
springgreen 00ff7f steelblue 4682b4 tan d2b48c teal 008080 thistle d8bfd8 tomato ff6437 turquoise 40e0d0
violet ee82ee wheat f5deb3 white ffffff whitesmoke f5f5f5 yellow ffff00 yellowgreen a9cd32 cornflower (unknown hex.)

Buttons to change the BACKGROUND COLOUR of this Webpage


Idea from HTML Complete, 1999, Sybex, San Francisco, page 607.
(All of these are official names)
   The history is that once computers' screens had graduated past just showing text on a background, the first step seems to be that one firm after another adopted 16 "Basic Colours". According to Brenda Frink and Michael Anderson (eds), HTML Complete, 1999, Sybex , San Francisco, pages 967-8, the Basic Colours (Colors) are:
aqua / cyan #00ffff black #000000 blue #0000ff fuchsia/magenta #ff00ff gray (grey) #808080 green #008000 lime #00ff00;
aqua / cyan #00ffff black #000000 blue #0000ff fuchsia/magenta #ff00ff gray (grey) #808080 green #008000 lime #00ff00;
maroon #800000 navy #000080; olive #808000 purple #800080 red #ff0000 silver #c0c0c0 teal #008080
maroon #800000 navy #000080 olive #808000 purple #800080 red #ff0000 silver #c0c0c0 teal #008080
white #ffffff

yellow #ffff00          
white #ffffff

yellow #ffff00          
   Note that "aqua" is also called "cyan," and "fuchsia" is also called "magenta". This and other books strongly recommend using the hexadecimal codes, and NOT the names.
   (Also note that 8 of the Basic Colours - gray, green, maroon, navy, olive, purple, silver and teal - are not in the so-called "Safe Colours", but can be assumed to be quite safe! They are in the "Named Colours," but let me stress again - hexadecimal codes are recommended.)
   In Elizabeth Castro's 2003 book HTML for the World Wide Web … she calls these 16 "Predefined Colors" (p 46), and the next group of 216 she calls "Web-Safe" or "Browser Safe" colors (p 85), but says that nearly everyone these days has browsers that can safely handle all colours. - added 22 Oct 05.
   Netscape Navigator pushed ahead with 216 "Safe Colours", other browsers had 256 colours, then the number of colours that could be handled rose amazingly to millions. Prudent web designers used to use the "safe colours" quite a lot, unless there was a special reason, such as the client having a special colour scheme. -- John Massam.
   THE OLD ADVICE: A safe palette is a palette containing 216 Red/Green/Blue (RGB) colours that are going to remain as stable as possible from one browser to another, between platforms, and at different monitor colour capacities and resolutions. If colours outside the safe palette are used, many potential Web site visitors will experience dithering. If you've asked for a soft pale yellow outside the safe palette, visitors might see that colour as bright neon! -- Adapted from Molly E. Holzschlag, as adapted by Michael Anderson (ed), HTML Complete, 1999, Sybex, San Francisco.
   You can view these colours against various backgrounds, by pressing the "buttons" on one of the Background Colour Changers, or passing your mouse cursor over the other.
   A quick note by Paul Lujan on nomenclature: Paul has tried to give these colours descriptive names, and modestly said the names were boring. He said they don't mean anything. (There were duplications and triplications of names, unfortunately.  I have tried to rename these -- jcm 01 Jan 2001) For the "Everything Else" category, he had just named them what they looked like. In general, though, for example, "Green-Red" had more green than red, while "Red-Green" had more red than green, he said.
   John Massam's other notes: The background colour changer that I found in the book HTML Complete was added ~25 June 2000.
Regarding the nomenclature on Paul Lujan's original webpage, I had gone through some of the names, checking them against the names of the Named Colours (adopted by Netscape Navigator and by Internet Explorer), and finished more than a year later (!) The names in Paul Lujan's list were "unofficial names," but I made sure that the eight "official" colours conformed to their corresponding ten official names. The warnings about "Unsafe" Colours become less relevant every time advances in Operating Systems and Browsers occur. - jcm 25 & 26 June 2000, updated 03 July 2001.
   Please note: Aqua and Cyan are both coded the same in a book by Teresa Martin & Glenn Davis, The Project Cool Guide to HTML 1997, New York, John Wiley & Sons, pp 221-22. (Reason: two Browser firms gave the code different names!) And Fuchsia is the same as Magenta, for the same reason! - 29 June 2000. Learn more at the Project Cool Website at but you might have to be patient unless you have a fast uploading system. - jcm 06 Aug 2000.
   Today, 29 June 2000, I began inserting rectangles of colour below the colour names that Paul Lujan had produced, so that the colours can be judged for Backgrounds and similar. I completed the rectangles today 16 July 2000. I doubled the depth of the rectangles today 28 May 2001.
   Also I completed putting in the <tr valign=top> to make the top of each row line up evenly. 29 June 2000 (and other dates) -- J. Massam

   Another quick note on categorisation: Paul Lujan also put the colors into more-or-less arbitrary categories -- this was mainly for his convenience, so that he wouldn't leave anything out. "If it helps you, so much the better," he said.
   Where you see colour codes and names that are smaller than the others and with no colour panel beneath, this is a repetition, which I placed in that series. Paul Lujan had deliberately omitted them (because they had already been displayed), but I decided for my own satisfaction to show them, but in a way that showed they were deliberate duplications / insertions. -- J. Massam 24 Oct 00.
Buttons to change the BACKGROUND COLOUR of this Webpage


Idea from HTML Complete, 1999, Sybex, San Francisco, page 607.

Go the top of the page
Back to the index of samples
   Paul Lujan's color (colour) page used to be at (but because his course then was ending, his website was being dismantled June 2000 and was not responding from late June 2000). However, possibly re-discovered on 7 Feb 2003 at so tried new e-mail . ONE-WORD NAMES: If you insist on using the Names instead of the Hexadecimal Code, please note that each name is ONE WORD, even if displayed above as two or more fragments.  It is strongly urged that you use the Hexadecimal Codes, with the letters in lower-case, i.e., not using Capital letters, to make your Webpages compatible with XML and XHTML.
   The NAMED COLOURS chart above was devised from the list and codes in the book by Teresa Martin & Glenn Davis, The Project Cool Guide to HTML, 1997, John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp 221-22.  Martin and Davis are the co-founders of the Project Cool™ website at
   Aqua and Cyan are both coded the same in the book (Reason: two Browser firms gave the code different names!)   AND Fuchsia is the same as Magenta, for the same reason!
   (Theoretically, Silver #c0c0c0 (use zeros, not Os) (i.e., Grey/Gray) was the background colour of any Webpage unless a Background Colour was coded - 31 Aug 1999.   But in reality by late 1999 the later versions of N.N. and I.E. supply the background colour as White #ffffff if none is specified. - 26 June 2000)
   Please use the Hexadecimal codes (#f00f8f and so on, not forgetting the hash "#" symbol) for the colours, not the Names, because on some older Browsers the names will NOT cause any colour at all to show, but most old Browsers will make some attempt to show a colour if you use the codes. - jcm 16 Jul 2000
collected and devised by John C. Massam

These are LIGHT COLOURS or PASTELS that, used as Background Colours (BGCOLOR) for Webpages and Tables, or BACKGROUND in other uses, are light enough so as not to interfere with ordinary Size 3 (12 point) unbolded Times New Roman when printing out from some NETSCAPE Browsers, depending on what Printer is used. (NAMES without a precursor word are Official "Named Colours".)

OTHER TINTS (Names NOT Official), including some from David Siegel's website around 9 Oct 1997, created on this webpage 2003. These have been included in the following Recommended Background Colours.

And, a small selection of Elizabeth CASTRO TINTS (Names NOT Official), from her "COLOR TABLE" of 234 colours in HTML for the World Wide Web, 5th edition, 2003, and in the 6th edition 2007, ( www.cookwood. com/html ) are in a SEPARATE TABLE below, created on 23 Oct 07.

WHITE APPEARANCE (as printed in B & W off Netscape 4.78 on some Printers):
ivory fffff0 (Siegel) light yellow fffff2 white ffffff blank blank blank blank
BLUE: Nil ; FAWN: (see Yellow) ; GREEN: Nil ; GREY (gray): Nil ; MAUVE: Nil ; PINK: Nil ; YELLOW: ivory fffff0 , (Siegel) light yellow fffff2 ; WHITE: white ffffff

VERY PALE DOT BACKGROUND, or White off Netscape (in B & W) on some Printers:
azure f0ffff
floralwhite fffaf0 snow fffafa honeydew f0fff0 (Siegel) minty green #eefffa mintcream f5fffa ghostwhite f8f8ff
(Siegel) pink fff5ff
(Safe) yellow ffffcc lightyellow ffffe0 blank blank blank blank
BLUE: azure f0ffff ; FAWN: floralwhite fffaf0, snow fffafa ; GREEN: honeydew f0fff0, (Siegel) minty green eefffa , mintcream f5fffa ; GREY (gray): Nil ; MAUVE: ghostwhite f8f8ff (and see Siegel pink) ; PINK: (Siegel) pink fff5ff ; YELLOW: "Safe Colour" yellow ffffcc , lightyellow ffffe0

REASONABLE BACKGROUND DOT APPEARANCE (in B & W) off Netscape on many Printers:
aliceblue f0f8ff
lightcyan e0ffff antiquewhite faebd7 beige f5f5dc blanchedalmond ffebcd cornsilk fff8dc linen faf0e6
oldlace fdf5e6 seashell fff5ee (Siegel) grey (gray) eeeeee whitesmoke f5f5f5 lavenderblush fff0f5 lemonchiffon fffacd lightgoldenrod yellow fafad2
BLUE: aliceblue #f0f8ff, lightcyan e0ffff ; FAWN: antiquewhite faebd7, beige f5f5dc, blanchedalmond ffebcd, cornsilk fff8dc, linen faf0e6, oldlace fdf5e6, seashell fff5ee ; GREEN: Nil ; GREY (gray): (Siegel) grey eeeeee, whitesmoke f5f5f5 ; MAUVE: lavenderblush fff0f5 ; PINK: Nil ; YELLOW: lemonchiffon fffacd, lightgoldenrodyellow fafad2

Elizabeth CASTRO 2003 TINTS - HTML for the World Wide Web, 5th edition, 2003, ( www.cook wood. com/html ) . NAMES NOT OFFICIAL. PINK: fdedf2; PINK-MAUVE f4e8f0; VIOLET: eae4ef; ? INDIGO ebecf6; BLUE ebf5fc; GREEN-BLUE ebf4f3; GREEN ebf4ea; PALE GREEN f5f8ec; YELLOW fffded; (BROWN at far left) ORANGE fff5e8; ORANGE-PINK feede3; PINK AGAIN feedea; GREY ececec. (adopted 03 May 06; to this webpage 23 Oct 07)
(Castro) pink fdedf2 (Castro) pink-mauve f4e8f0 (Castro) violet: eae4ef (Castro) ? indigo ebecf6 (Castro) blue ebf5fc (Castro) green-blue ebf4f3 (Castro) green ebf4ea
(Castro) pale green f5f8ec (Castro) yellow fffded (Castro) orange fff5e8 (Castro) orange- pink feede3 (Castro) pink again feedea (Castro) grey (gray) ececec blank

VARIOUS OTHER COLOURS FOR OTHER USES to be inserted as discovered.   Heading with GREY background could use eeeeee;   GREY LETTERING on white background, try #999999 or 808080;
  BEIGE (Official name) for Panels such as in certain news media, use beige f5f5dc  
  YELLOW (Official name) Highlighter, using yellow ffff00   ; If this is too strong,   use this ffff33   ,   this ffff66  ,   this ffff99  , or   (Safe) yellow ffffcc  

   In the following chart, the first line is the colour in Boldface, the second row is normal, and the third is as a background patch.
(Named) white smoke f5f5f5 (Castro) grey (gray) ececec (Unnamed) eeeeee (Safe) grey (gray) cccccc (Named) silver c0c0c0 (Safe) grey (gray) 999999 (Named) gray 808080
(Named) white
smoke f5f5f5
(Castro) grey (gray) ececec (Unnamed) grey (gray) eeeeee (Safe) grey (gray) cccccc (Named) silver c0c0c0 (Safe) grey (gray) 999999 (Named) gray 808080
(Named) white
smoke f5f5f5
(Castro) grey (gray) ececec (Unnamed) grey (gray) eeeeee (Safe) grey (gray) cccccc (Named) silver c0c0c0 (Safe) grey (gray) 999999 (Named) gray 808080
(Safe) grey (gray) 666666 (Safe) grey (gray) 333333 \\ \\ \\ \\ (Named) beige f5f5dc
(Safe) grey (gray) 666666 (Safe) grey (gray) 333333 \\ \\ \\ \\ (Named) beige f5f5dc
(Safe) grey (gray) 666666 (Safe) grey ( gray) 333333 \\ \\ \\ \\ (Named) beige f5f5dc

   Internet Explorer, as usually set up, does not print the Background Colours of either the Webpage nor inside Tables.  This has occasional disadvantages. But Netscape 4.78 did print Table backgrounds, and in Black and White Netscape 4.78 attempted to show this by dotted representations.  Out of deference to such Netscape users, I recommend using colours as above, or similar colours from the Safe Colours, for the Background Colours in Tables.  Neither I.E. nor N.N., as usually set up, when printing in B & W try to print dotted representations of the BGCOLOR from the BODY Tag.

Buttons to change the BACKGROUND COLOUR of this Webpage


Idea from HTML Complete, 1999, Sybex, San Francisco, page 607.
Background colour changer
By courtesy of -- Be CAREFUL with your mouse cursor!

154  ^ ^  < < Experiments  CONTENTS 1-50  101-on  Translate  Links  Events  Books  HOME  Named Colours > >  v v  156
 Directories:  Main 19  Australia  Esperanto  Experiments  Freedom  Georgist  Globalism  Molestation 141  Religion  Submission 6 
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This Webpage shows the so-called SAFE COLOURS (216), the NAMED COLOURS (140 names for 138 colours), and the old BASIC COLOURS (16), and MASSAM'S RECOMMENDED BACKGROUND COLOURS.
Another website's Named Colours is "Netscape Colour Table -- Using Colour Names & Codes", at:
Colour charts (234 shades) plus 16 "Predefined Colors" (the Basic Colours) are shown on the back cover foldover of HTML for the World Wide Web, Fifth Edition, with XHTML and CSS, Visual Quickstart Guide, 2003, Elizabeth Castro, Peachpit Press, Berkeley (CA, USA), and in the Sixth Edition published 2007.
The SAFE COLOUR SAMPLES section was adapted from (dismantled ~June 2000) on 25 June 2000, re-organised and put in the document numeration series 01 Jan 2001, "THE NAMED COLOURS" adapted from Teresa Martin & Glenn Davis, The Project Cool Guide to HTML, 1997, copied from "excolournames.htm" on 21 Oct 05 was added to this webpage on 21 Oct 05, "COLOR TABLE" of some shades selected from Elizabeth Castro, 2003, HTML for the World Wide Web, 5th ed., was added on 23 Oct 07, "MASSAM'S SUGGESTED BACKGROUND COLOURS" collected and devised by John C. Massam was given a clickable anchor on 23 Oct 07, last modified on 04 May 2012

John C. Massam, 46 Cobine Way, Greenwood (a Perth suburb), Western Australia, 6024, Australia. Telephone: +61 ( 0 ) 8  9343 9532, Mobile Cellphone: 0408 054 319
john.massam § multiline com au
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