Unikodo por Esperantaj kaj Hebreaj /Jidaj lingvoj

Unikodo por Esperantaj literoj kaj Hebreaj /Jidaj lingvoj

Necesas, ke tiparo kapabla je Unikodo estu instalita. (NE, NE, NE !  Anstataŭ, klaketu: Fulmoklavoj.htm . -Johano Massam, 01 Novembro 2008)
Vi povas senpage ricevi ses (WGL4-) Unikodajn tiparojn de Microsoft. (Prefere unue forviŝu viajn malnovajn tiparojn Times New Roman, Courier New, Arial, Arial Black, Verdana, Impact, antaŭ ol instali la novajn.)

  Johano Masamo skribis: All these typefaces which presumably came as part of my Windows 98 displayed the supersigns (circumflexes and breve) correctly on the monitor (= screen).
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  Johano Masamo skribis: En la Kapo ("Head") aperas:
<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=x-UNICODE-2-0-UTF-7">

Ĉi tiu dokumento uzis la tiparon Verdana malal 2000 al 18 Julio 2013; malal 18 Julio 2013 uzas Arial Unicode MS .
  Johano Masamo skribas je 18 Julio 2013: Do, ĉe la supro de la Korpo ("Body") aperas:
<font face= "'arial unicode ms', verdana, 'times new roman'">
but the above-named typefaces (presumably supplied with Windows 98) also display the accents correctly on the screen -- but see below regarding print-outs.

Tiel vi devus povi legi ĉi tiun paĝon per Unikoda krozilo, ekzemple Internet Explorer 4.0, Netscape 4.03 (por Vindozo 95) aŭ Tango.

  Johano Masamo faris ĉi tiu:

Ĉ     ĉ     Ĝ     ĝ     Ĥ     ĥ     Ĵ     ĵ     Ŝ     ŝ     Ŭ     ŭ

&#264; => Ĉ = C^
&#284; => Ĝ = G^
&#292; => Ĥ = H^
&#308; => Ĵ  = J^
&#348; => Ŝ = S^
&#364; => Ŭ = U~
&#265; => ĉ = c^
&#285; => ĝ = g^
&#293; => ĥ = h^
&#309; => ĵ = j^
&#349; => ŝ = s^
&#365; => ŭ = u~


Ĉ estas litero &#264; C cirkumfleksa

Ĝ estas litero &#284; G cirkumfleksa

Ĥ estas litero &#292; H cirkumfleksa

Ĵ estas litero &#308; J cirkumfleksa

Ŝ estas litero &#348; S cirkumfleksa

Ŭ estas litero &#364; U superhoka


ĉ estas litero &#265; c cirkumfleksa

ĝ estas litero &#285; g cirkumfleksa

ĥ estas litero &#293; h cirkumfleksa

ĵ estas litero &#309; j cirkumfleksa

ŝ estas litero &#349; s cirkumfleksa

ŭ estas litero &#365; u superhoka


Ελλάδα estas la greka nomo de Grekia lingvo (Elladha)

Россия estas la rusa nomo de Rusia lingvo (Rossiya)

Hebreaj (Hebrew) kaj Jidaj (Yiddish) literoj

Heksadecimalaj :-) Kodoj de  &#x05d0;  al  &#x05ea;

&#x05d0; = א = Alef (Aleph),   ב = Bet (Beth),   ג = Gimel,   ד = Daleth,   ה = He,
&#x05d5; = ו = Vav,   ז = Zayin,   ח = Het (Cheth),   ט = Tet (Teth),   י = Yod,
&#x05da; = ך = (Final) Kaf (Kaph),   כ = Kaf (Kaph),   ל = Lamed,   ם = (Final) Mem,   מ = Mem,   ן = (Final) Nun,   נ = Nun,   ס = Samekh,
&#x05e2; = ע = Ayin,   ף = (Final) Pe,   פ = Pe,   ץ = (Final) Tsadi (Sadhe),   צ = Tsadi (Sadhe),   ק = Qof (Koph),   ר = Resh,
&#x05e9; = ש = Shin,   &#x05ea; = ת = Tav

Aliaj Hebreaj (Hebrew) skribsignoj

&#x0591; al &#x05c4; , kaj &#x05f3; k. &#x05f4;

Jidaj (Yiddish) scribsignoj

&#x05f0; al &#x05f2;

װ = Yiddish Double Vav ligature,   ױ = Yiddish Vav Yod ligature,   ײ = Yiddish Double Yod ligature

These two languages read from RIGHT TO LEFT, so at the END of any word or words in them, please insert an invisible command,  &#8206;  , if you wish the remainder of your webpage to read from left to right.  Then test in at least two Browsers.

   OLD  NOTES regarding mainly ESPERANTO, including struggles in the early 2000s to show Esperanto accents correctly on the monitor (or screen) and in printouts, plus in e-mails (retposxtoj).
   TABLE BELOW. Accents appeared on both Browsers (by now I've changed so many settings trying to get the Universal Alphabet to print, that my previous bad experience with Netscape displaying rectangles in a Table seems to not be a fact any more), although Netscape shows the cells' contents on the screen in a Seriffed Typeface!!! Not enough time to check if both Browsers will PRINT the accents out. -- jcm, very late on 26 Jul 00.
 Tried printing a Table today. The accents printed off Netscape, but only plain letters appeared in print-outs from Explorer. Inside a Table, Netscape both on the monitor and in the print-out refuses to obey the command regarding the Type Face (in this case, Verdana), and reverted to the default Typeface, namely, Times New Roman- jcm 1213pm 27 Jul 00.

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ

&#264; => Ĉ = C^
&#284; => Ĝ = G^
&#292; => Ĥ = H^
&#308; => Ĵ  = J^
&#348; => Ŝ = S^
&#364; => Ŭ = U~
&#265; => ĉ = c^
&#285; => ĝ = g^
&#293; => ĥ = h^
&#309; => ĵ = j^
&#349; => ŝ = s^
&#365; => ŭ = u~

  Note: NETSCAPE NAVIGATOR (showing the accented letters plus Greek and Russian correctly on the monitor) was also able tonight (25 Jul 00), while the Webpage was coded UTF-8, to allow the supersigned letters of exunic.htm to appear when PRINTED ON PAPER. However, my INTERNET EXPLORER printed strange characters instead of Esperanto letters, most starting with an "A" with two dots above it, followed by characters such as ^, %, money symbol, Y, acute accent, mu, some only showing squares, then the S^ and U~ pairs were "Ring A" followed by unusual characters. Similar oddities occurred with the Greek letters (circumflex I and other characters) and Russian letters (crossed D and tilde N with other characters). - jcm 25Jul00.
Around 26-27 Jul 00 I discovered that by changing back to UTF-7, Explorer would continue to show the accents on the screen, and printing out was improved, e.g., the Ĉ or C^ would be printed as an unaccented C. On 27 Jul 00 a professional directed me as to how to "tweak" the printer and Explorer settings, seeking a setting such as "Allow Font Substitution," but we did not find such a Radio Button. - jcm 2043 27Jul00
Previously I had written "Neither the original page from Professor John Wells, nor this one, will show the Accent marks over the letters when Printed on paper. - jcm 19Jul00"   On my home equipment, NETSCAPE will print the letters out correctly. I.E. won't at home, but does so on the equipment of other W.A. Esperantists. See below for more comments.
DO THE 'SPECIAL LETTERS' APPEAR IN YOUR WWW BROWSER? If the letters do not appear properly in your Browsers on the WWW, please look at the following:
Check what version of Browser you have. Note that in the 6th paragraph Professor Wells says that one has to have a Browser presumably at least up to the standard of Internet Explorer 4.0, Netscape 4.03 (for Windows 95) or Tango. My Operating System (O.S.) is Windows 98.
* Help/About Navigator (mine shows Netscape Navigator 4.08)
* Help/About Internet Explorer (mine shows Version 4.72.3110)

If the Browsers are up to date, please look at these, but ask expert advice first before altering anything!
* Edit/Preferences/Fonts/(For the Encoding) Unicode (Not necessary, I found later, and changed it back - jcm 24Aug00.)
* Edit/Preferences/Languages/Add/eo/OK/OK (this adds Esperanto as a 2nd choice to English or whatever your preferred language/s is/are)
DON'T DO THIS NEXT ONE, because it ruins the French, Italian, etc. accents!
(* View/Encoding/Unicode (UTF-7))
Look at:
* View/Fonts/     Explorer seemed to switch, but not systematically, between "Western Alphabet," "Universal Alphabet (UTF-7)" and "Universal Alphabet (UTF-8)", not paying full attention to what is in the Head, and did the same even after I removed the DOCTYPE line before HTML.
Previously I did this, changing it from "Western Alphabet", but I have since changed it back to "Western Alphabet" -- jcm 23 Aug 00:
* View/Internet Options/General/Fonts/Universal Alphabet/Set as Default/OK/OK
(AND, Experience taught me: Do NOT change the Proportional Font to "Verdana," or else every Webpage will be displayed in Verdana.)
(AND, At 9.41pm some date ? in July 2000, I changed this from Universal Alphabet to "User Defined" and inserted Times New Roman as the Proportional Font, ensuring that Courier New was the Fixed-width Font. But, that did not cause the Accents to appear in the Explorer print-out. Netscape continued showing the Accents both on screen and on print-outs. (Tonight, I changed it back to "Western" -- jcm 11.14 pm 23 Aug 00.) If anyone can help me understand these Explorer settings, or help to get Explorer to PRINT the accents, please e-mail me A.S.A.P.)
People told me later that on their machines they could print the accents from the Explorer browser, and showed me a printout. It would be appreciated if anyone would explain why my own computer and the one at the Esperanto League will NOT print the accents from Explorer. -- jcm 14 Sep 00.
* View/Internet Options/General/Languages/Add/(User Defined) eo/OK/OK/OK (This adds Esperanto to English or whatever your preferred language/s is/are).


As stated above, this has been a problem with Microsoft INTERNET EXPLORER. The page, index-u.htm, when coded UTF-7 and printing off Explorer printed the letters without the accent marks! When coded HTF-8, on Explorer, it prints STRANGE LETTERS AND CHARACTERS instead of the Accented letters! I have tried removing the DOCTYPE line from the coding, but the problems remain with Explorer.
Up until 10.49pm on 26 July 00 I could not solve this problem.

On the other hand, NETSCAPE NAVIGATOR prints out the special letters with the accent marks showing correctly, whether coded UTF-7 or UTF-8.

In an attempt to get Explorer to PRINT the letters with their circumflexes and breve, I did this:
Windows 98
* Start/Help/languages/multilanguage support/Click here to open the Add/Remove Programs dialog box at the Windows Setup tag/Multilanguage Support/Details     (I then had to put the Windows 98 CD-ROM into the CD drive, and I clicked all 5 -- Baltic, Central European, Cyrillic, Greek and Turkish.)     OK/OK (I think this was unnecessary, too - jcm 23 Aug 00.)

However, Explorer still did not print out the circumflexes and breve.

 On 25 July 00 I successfully attempted to send the Esperanto Special Letters by e-mail. This computer uses Microsoft Outlook Express e-mail programme (bundled with Internet Explorer browser). My experimental actions included the following, but by 27 July 00 I was not sure if some of the actions were correct, or safe to do, and I knew that it was NOT necessary to only use the Verdana typeface:

On the "Inbox" screen:
* View/Language/Universal Alphabet (UTF-8). Perhaps UTF-7 might be better?
* Tools/Stationery/Mail/Font Settings/Verdana/OK/Apply/OK. Perhaps this is not essential.
* Tools/Stationery/News/Font Settings/Verdana/OK/Apply/OK. Ditto.

On "New Message" screen:
* Format/Language/Universal Alphabet (UTF-8) Perhaps UTF-7?
* Format/Rich Text (HTML)  I'm not sure if this is essential. If it is, I think one has to do this before writing each message.   When you click that, another Menu line appears, including a drop-down menu showing "Verdana" typeface (if you've successfully done the above), and the font size, say 10 (meaning 10 point). Watch this closely -- on my machine it tried to change back to Arial font. As stated above, I'm now not sure if Verdana is essential.

Then I composed my E-Mail, keeping a reduced window of this page in a reduced-size Netscape Browser window, and when I needed one of the Special Letters I copied the actual accented letter. (NOT the code as I mistakenly wrote here previously.) I recommend using NETSCAPE for this, because it seems to give a single letter-width into the e-mail, not a double letter-width like Explorer does.

The Special Letters have been successfully transmitted by this method to another Esperantist. If the Special Letters do not appear on your inward E-mail, please go through the steps I have given above. Your feedback would be appreciated.

The Esperanto alphabet is: A, B, C, Ĉ, D, E, F, G, Ĝ, H, Ĥ, I, J, Ĵ, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, Ŝ, T, U, Ŭ, V, Z.  Copied from Curtis Whalen's webpage http://www. geocities.com/ Heartland/ Meadows/3044/ Esperanto Character Reference. html His e-mail address is curtis_whalen (plus sign) webpage (at) geocities (dot) com
  TESTING to see if various Typefaces, as supplied in the Windows 98 package and/or perhaps StarOffice, will take the diacritical marks. (Remember, this page has the UTF-7 command in its Head section.)

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Times New Roman

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Courier New

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Arial

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Arial Black

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Verdana

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Impact

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Comic Sans MS -- on home computer won't do Esperanto letters, so tried oldstyle &#153; to make ™, i.e. (TM), on 14 Sep 00 tried newstyle &#8482; to make ™, i.e., the same; &copy; to make ©,i.e., (C); and &reg; to make ®, i.e., (R). The ELWA machine displays the Esperanto letters.

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Arioso -- does not show special letters, only rectangles, at home and at ELWA.

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Cornet -- does not show special letters, only rectangles, at home and at ELWA.


Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Book Antiqua -- does not show special letters, only rectangles, at home and at ELWA.

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Courier -- shows bold downstrokes at home and at ELWA.

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Courier New -- displays the Esperanto letters at home and at ELWA.

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Lucida Console -- displays the Esperanto letters at home and at ELWA.

Ĉ   ĉ   Ĝ   ĝ   Ĥ   ĥ   Ĵ   ĵ   Ŝ   ŝ   Ŭ   ŭ   Lucida Sans Unicode -- displays the Esperanto letters at home and at ELWA.


  The part down to the first horizontal rule was copied and adapted on 14 July 00 from http://www. phon.ucl. ac.uk/home/ wells/html- ttt/uniktest. htm, but I added comments and the first chart and the table.  Professor John Wells' homepage is at http://www. phon.ucl. ac.uk/home/ wells/ home.htm
  The circumflexes and the breve only appeared when I copied the idea of using Verdana typeface.  But, later, after I had made several changes to settings, these accents appeared with other fonts, too.  I find it necessary to use WordPad (or even Notepad would do) for special Webpages such as these Unicode ones or using Cascading Style Sheets or JavaScript, because both of my Pagemakers insisted on changing, adding to, or deleting code, and spoiling my work.

www.johnm.multiline.com.au/elwa/multilingual.htm (ARKAIKA)
www.johnm.multiline.com.au/exunic.htm (ARKAIKA)
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